Dating and marriage in liberia

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dating and marriage in liberia

A Liberian man will have five women he is dating and will still be out A Liberian married man will sleep with any and or all females in his. Welcome To Mate4all Liberia - Free Online Dating for Liberia Singles Woman from Monrovia, Liberia for Marriage, Activity Partner, Casual Dating, Friendship. Apolgise if my reply seems pedantic, but I don't know your circumstances, location or nationality. I met and married my Liberian wife in Ghana.

Monrovia had a population of about two hundred thousand, and other coastal cities had less than one hundred thousand. Areas of resource exploitation operated by foreign-owned concessions were the primary population centers in the interior. During the war, the population of Monrovia swelled to over three hundred thousand as refugees attempted to escape from the fighting in the interior.

While rural communities still contain examples of traditional round huts with thatched conical roofs, most newer houses have a rectangular floor plan and are roofed with sheets of corrugated zinc or tin. Wattle and daub construction, in which a lattice of sticks is packed with mud and covered with clay or cement, is the most common building method regardless of the shape of the structure, but many people aspire to a house built of cement cinder blocks and may spend years acquiring the blocks.

Rural communities have a "palaver hut," an open-sided roofed structure that functions as a town hall for public discussions and the hearing of court cases.

In the cities, especially Monrovia, imposing public buildings from the prewar period were built mostly in the post-World War II International Style, including the Executive Mansion, which became an armed fortress during the civil war. Houses from the nineteenth century are similar to antebellum architecture of the American South, with verandas and classical columns.

The civil war reduced many buildings to ruins and left others occupied by homeless refugees. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. The primary staple is rice. This complex carbohydrate forms the centerpiece of the meal, and savory sauces provide flavor.

Meat or fish is used as a garnish or ingredient in the sauce rather than being the focus of the meal. In rural areas, people begin the day with a small meal of leftover rice or boiled cassava dipped in the sauce from the day before.

Depending on the time of year and the work schedule, the main meal may be served at midday or in the evening. Snacks of mangoes, bananas, sugarcane, coconut, fried plantain or cassava, and citrus fruits may be consumed throughout the day. In the countryside, rice is produced by a system of rain-fed swidden slash and burn horticulture.

Men clear an area of the forest and burn the dried brush, and women and children do most of the planting, weeding, and harvesting. Rice is used ceremonially to make offerings to ancestors and the recently dead and is offered to social superiors when one is asking for favors or initiating a patron-client relationship. Use rights to land are acquired A wall painting on a house near Robertsport depicts the motif of a mask dance of the Kru people.

Because tropical soils are fragile, fields must be moved every year and, once harvested, allowed to rest for seven to twelve years. This system requires a large amount of available land and a low population density. Some areas have been overfarmed, with resulting damage to the tropical forest ecosystem, but the greatest constraint on agriculture is a shortage of labor. This system is capable of providing for family subsistence but not of producing a large surplus for sale.

Urban areas have depended on imported rice, mostly from the United States. Locally produced vegetables, including eggplant, peppers, pumpkins, and greens, are sold in outdoor markets.

It is a sign of Western sophistication and wealth to be able to afford imported processed foods such as corn flakes, canned goods, and snack foods. During the civil war, agricultural production was almost completely disrupted and the entire population was dependent on donations of food.

dating and marriage in liberia

The prewar economy was heavily dependent on a few primary products or raw materials. In75 percent of the value of exports came from iron ore alone; iron ore and rubber together amounted to over 80 percent. This dependence on a few income earners left the country vulnerable to the worldwide economic recession of the s. There was almost no growth in the annual value of the economy between andand many workers in the mining industry lost their jobs.

This economic crisis was one of the factors that led to the military coup of Social Stratification Classes and Castes. There is a status division between the minority claiming descent from the American settlers and the indigenous majority. The settler group contains people at all class levels, from rich to poor, who continue to maintain a sense of prestige and entitlement.

In the indigenous community, a distinction between "civilized" and "native" people emerged early in the nineteenth century as a result of mission education and labor migration along the coast. Civilized "kwi" status implies facility with English, a nominal allegiance to Christianity, a degree of literacy, and involvement with the cash rather than the subsistence sector. Although kwi people maintain their ethnic identities as Grebo, Kru, Vai, or Kpelle, an undeniable prestige difference separates them from their native neighbors and kin.

Symbols of Social Stratification. Civilized people, especially women, are distinguished by Western-style clothing and household furnishings.

dating and marriage in liberia

The association is so strong that native women are also known as "lappa women," a reference to the two pieces of cloth lappas that constitute native female dress.

The constitution of was patterned on the American constitution and provided for a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The legislature is bicameral with an upper house based on equal representation of the thirteen counties with two senators each and a lower house based on population.

This structure was retained in the revised constitution ofwhich was intended to prevent the abuses of one-party rule that had characterized most of the nation's history. At the local level, each county is administered by a superintendent appointed by the president and further divided into districts, chiefdoms, and clans. The system of "native" administration retains much of the older system of indirect rule in which local chiefs are empowered by the central government to collect taxes and judge minor court cases.

Leadership and Political Officials. Politics has tended toward the autocratic, with the constitution more a symbol of democracy than a guide for action. Although elections were held regularly, the absence of opposition parties made them largely nationalist pageants rather than expressions of the people's will.

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The True Whig Party's patronage system ensured that the president never faced opposition from the other branches of government, and as a result, the executive branch was overwhelmingly dominant. The personality cult around the presidency reached its height with W. Tubman, who served from to Tubman was widely popular for creating the illusion of broad participation in national life but was extremely repressive: This tradition of concentrated power in the hands of the president has continued in the administration of Charles Taylor, who was elected in Social Problems and Control.

Liberia has long had a system of multiple and often overlapping judicial structures. A separate judiciary with hierarchically arranged statutory courts was established in but rarely has been independent of the executive branch.

The statutory courts delegated most local-level social control to "chiefs' courts," where a modified version of "native law" was codified and applied in cases ranging from divorce to petty theft. Liberians who are Muslims can settle disputes in Imam's courts where judgments are based on Islamic law.

Individuals in search of a favorable verdict have been known to try their luck in all three kinds of courts, claiming to be "civilized" in the statutory court, "native" in the chief's court, and Muslim in the Islamic court. Indigenous methods of trial by ordeal have long been used in rural communities. Ordeals include the testing of suspects with hot knives, hot oil, or the drinking of poison. In the poison "sasswood" ordeal, suspects drink a decoction of tree bark; the innocent vomit the poison and live, while the guilty die of its effects; this system combines the determination of guilt and the administration of punishment.

The sasswood trial was outlawed by the central government early in the twentieth century; other forms of ordeal were tolerated through the s. During the civil war, all legal and social control institutions experienced complete breakdown. Random massacres were conducted by armed fighters as young as nine years old in the service of warlords with no political agenda beyond survival and profit.

SinceLiberian legal institutions have been slowly reestablished, but many abuses of civil rights have continued. Sincepolitics has been dominated by armed men. In the early years of the republic, a Frontier Force of indigenous conscripts was used to "pacify" the peoples of the hinterland and enforce the collection of taxes and corvee unpaid labor.

In late s, the ethnic split between the officer corps made up of Americo-Liberians and the rank and file created tension, with soldiers often used as unpaid laborers on the farms and building projects of their superiors. The men who led the coup which brought down the True Whig Party government in were all noncommissioned soldiers of indigenous background. The first military coup provided a model for many future attempts. Master Sergeant Samuel K. Doe was threatened by ambitious young men like himself, leading him to institute increasingly repressive policies.

Foreign aid from the United States, especially during the Reagan administration, took the form of a vast military buildup. This lethal equipment was later turned against the Liberian people during the civil war. Under the current administration, the armed forces and other security agencies At the Liberia National Commemoration, women wear dresses depicting the Liberian flag and political leaders.

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According to the peace accords that led to the election, the national military was supposed to have been restructured by the West African intervention force ECOMOG to reflect all the parties that contested the war. Once elected, however, Charles Taylor claimed his constitutional role as commander in chief to essentially remake the armed forces along the lines of his faction, the National Patriotic Front for Liberia NPFL.

Tensions in the armed forces and among demobilized combatants remain a destabilizing factor in national life. Social Welfare Programs Most social welfare institutions, including those for the provision of education and medical care, remain in the hands of religious organizations and international aid agencies.

Liberia was one of the earliest host countries for the United States Peace Corps. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations During the worst period of the civil war, networks of concerned Americans and Liberians living in the United States lobbied for protected status for refugees, increases in humanitarian aid, and diplomatic pressure to restore human rights. Within Liberia, a number of local organizations, such as the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission, have monitored human rights issues and spoken out against repression.

All of the indigenous groups are patrilineal and have ideologies of male dominance.

dating and marriage in liberia

The nineteenth-century domestic ideology brought with the American settlers also was highly patriarchal, with women assigned to roles as homemakers and nurturers of children. However, the sexual division of labor in indigenous agriculture affords women a great deal of power, if not formal authority. Women's labor is extremely valuable, as seen in the institution of bridewealth that accompanies marriage. Among "civilized people" of indigenous or Americo-Liberian background, women's domestic role in caring for clothing, household decoration, and the other symbolic means by which the status of the household is communicated has great importance.

While it is acceptable for an educated woman to hold a white-collar job outside the home, she cannot participate in the most common activities of native women—farming, marketing, and carrying loads of wood and water—without threatening her status.

The Relative Status of Women and Men. Indigenous constructions of gender usually emphasize the breadwinner or productive role for women and the warrior role for men. Indigenous political structures have a "dual-sex" organization, that is, parallel systems of offices for men and women. Among the northwestern peoples, this takes the form of the dual organization of the Poro and Sande secret societies. In the south and east, female councils of elders use a series of checks and balances on official male power.

On the national level, the last transitional leader before the election was also the first female head of state in Africa, Ruth Sando Perry. The presidential candidate who came in second to Charles Taylor was also a woman.

dating and marriage in liberia

Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Among the indigenous majority, marriage is ideally polygynous and patrilocal, with the bride moving to her husband's compound to live with his extended family.

Probably less than 30 percent of men actually have more than one wife at a time, and those marriages often fail because of conflicts between co-wives. Marriage is a process rather than an event, with bridewealth payments made over many years and solidified by the birth of children.

The increasing access of women to cash through the marketing of foodstuffs has resulted in some women freeing themselves from unwanted marriages by paying back the bridewealth.

Bridewealth establishes the right of a husband to claim any children born to his wife regardless of their biological father. The great value placed on women as agricultural workers and childbearers ensures that no woman who wants a husband is without one for long.

Among the civilized native and Americo-Liberian communities, statutory marriages are limited by the Christian insistence on monogamy. Most successful men, however, have one or more "country wives" who have been married through bridewealth in addition to the "ring wife" who shares their primary residence. Children from secondary marriages often are raised by the father and his official wife and form junior lines within important families in Monrovia and other coastal cities.

Beforethe most prominent settler families practiced formal endogamy, resulting in a situation in which most important government officials were related by kinship and intermarriage. Among the indigenous people, groups in the northwest are organized into ranked lineages of "land owners," "commoners," and "slaves.

The ranking of lineages is mirrored in the Poro and Sande societies and dictates the "secrets" that may be learned by initiates. Chieftaincy belongs to particular families, although succession does not follow a strict father-to-son transmission. Among the less stratified peoples of the southeast, kinship determines less in terms of individual life chances but remains crucial in regard to citizenship, identity, and access to land. Socialization Child Rearing and Education.

Children are highly valued as potential workers and supporters of their parents in old age. Babies are constantly carried, tied to the back of the mothers or another care giver. Children take on chores at an early age and are expected Historically, mining—especially for precious gems such as diamonds—played a large role in Liberia's economy. In the Poro and Sande "bush schools" for initiates, formal instruction in local history and genealogy is provided in addition to specialized training in herbalism and midwifery.

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Formal Western educational institutions originated with mission schools whose primary aim was conversion to Christianity; in areas of Muslim conversion, Koranic schools offer literacy training in Arabic. Access to higher education at the University of Liberia was limited, especially for those of "tribal" background, until large numbers of the elite began taking advantage of foreign scholarships to send their children to Europe and the United States in the s.

Those who look after the destitutes are equal to the ones striving in the way of God and, in my eyes, the same as those who worship all night and fast all day. A Liberian man will have five women he is dating and will still be out there trying to pick up another.

A Liberian man will date you and your close friends at the same time. A Liberian married man will sleep with any and or all females in his home regardless of their ages. A Liberian man will have no problem sleeping with his step daughters in the home.

A Liberian man will sleep with his best friend wife. A Liberian man will know his wife is in the room but yet he will still try to pick up another woman. A Liberian man will leave his wife sleeping on their wedding night to sleep with a woman he met at his wedding.

A Liberian man will use these words or phrases to describe their women: Play thing; my little thing; my man I am trying to eat that thing; my side thing, etc. A Liberian man will leave you and marry your friend but still expect you to continue sleeping with him of and on after his wedding. A Liberian man will leave his sick wife and children at home to be with another woman without guilt.

A Liberian man knows more about things going on in an organization than his home and family. A Liberian man cannot tell you honestly how many children he has. A Liberian man will never mentioned to you that he had kids during his teenage years.

Only teenage girls have babies in Liberia. A Liberian man will not pay any attention to other men children in his home or even when he is dating you. A Liberian man will come home midnights and expect his spouse to not have a problem with his behavior. A Liberian man thinks paying the bills is his sole responsibilities in his marriage and the wives should do the rest even if they are also helping with the bills.

I have yet to see a Liberian man hug and kiss or even hold his wife hands in public, they are so scared that another woman will see and not want them. A Liberian man does not respect his Liberian women; they see them as second class citizen and thinks they are theirs to toyed with.

dating and marriage in liberia

A Liberian man will treat his girlfriend better then he treats his wife. A Liberian man will put a lots of time and work into gaining a position only for the BIG title, nothing gets done after he gets the job. A Liberian man cannot tell you he has not slept with another woman since wedding; ladies, ask your spouse.

Liberian men will exhibit the highest level of immaturity once in a situation where they feel cornered. RW - feel free to adapt these into the original 27 as, I, in this public manner, do give you the copyrights: A Liberian man in his 40s will have a child by a 13 years old little girl and turn his back on her.

Remember, 12am is another day, as far as we are concern if a man is not in his home by Tell your other women not to kiss your shirt collar this tell us she wants us to know you were with her.

Liberian women are killing themselves and going crazy because of their Liberian men. If she is related to you in any way, sharp or form, her private parts should not be touch by you. If she is your daughters or step-daughters, be a father to her and not her boyfriend.

When was the last time a Liberian man took his wife out on a date, to the movies, etc. Spend time with your children, the street was there before you were born it will be there after your death, spend time with your family.