Shia Islam - Wikipedia
This is the major difference between the Shia and Sunni BELIEFs, then because of this difference and the way they have received their instructions after the Prophet(S) (anyone of the .. the dates they share important events. The branch between Shia and Sunni dates back to the dying of the Prophet Muhammad, and the question of who replaced into to take over the. One of the most crucial differences between Shia and Sunni Muslims One of the most important dates for Shia Muslims is the 10th day of the.
Over the centuries, however, these political differences have spawned a number of varying practices and positions which have come to carry a spiritual significance.
The division between Shia and Sunni dates back to the death of the Prophet Muhammad, and the question of who was to take over the leadership of the Muslim nation. Sunni Muslims agree with the position taken by many of the Prophet's companions, that the new leader should be elected from among those capable of the job.
This is what was done, and the Prophet Muhammad's close friend and advisor, Abu Bakr, became the first Caliph of the Islamic nation.
The word "Sunni" in Arabic comes from a word meaning "one who follows the traditions of the Prophet. Throughout history, Shia Muslims have not recognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders, choosing instead to follow a line of Imams which they believe have been appointed by the Prophet Muhammad or God Himself.
The word "Shia" in Arabic means a group or supportive party of people. He later gave his allegiance when he found that the only way to save Islam is to leave the isolation which occured due to his refusal of giving the oath of allegiance.
Ibn Al-Athir, his history Al-Kamil, v3, p But the Imam did not punish these companions. If it was permissible for a Muslim, who was a contemporary of the caliph, to refuse to give his allegiance, it would be more permissible for a person who came in a later century to believe or not to believe in the qualifications of that elected caliph.
In doing so, he would not be sinning, provided that the Caliph is not assigned by Allah. The Shia say that Imam must be appointed by God; that appointment may be known through the declaration of the Prophet or the preceding Imam.
What is the difference between SHIA and SUNNI Muslims?
The Sunni scholars say that Imam or Caliph, as they prefer to say can be either elected, or nominated by the preceding Caliph, or selected by a committee, or may attempt to gain the power through a military coup as was in the case of Muawiyah. The Shi'a scholars say that a divinely appointed Imam is sinless and Allah does not grant such position to the sinful.
The Sunni scholars including Mu'tazilites say that Imam can be sinful as he is appointed by other than Allah. Even if he is tyrant and sunk in sins like in the case of Muawiyah and Yazidthe majority of the scholars from the schools of Hanbali, Shafi'i, and Maliki discourage people to rise against that Caliph.
What is the difference between SHIA and SUNNI Muslims? | Yahoo Answers
They think that they should be preserved although they disagree with the evil actions. This is indicated in both Sunni and Shia sahih and authentic Hadith. Ibn Qutaybaha 9th-century Sunni Islamic scholar narrates of Ali: I am the servant of God and the brother of the Messenger of God. I am thus more worthy of this office than you. You have seized this office from the Ansar using your tribal relationship to the Prophet as an argument against them. Would you then seize this office from us, the ahl al-bayt by force?
Did you not claim before the Ansar that you were more worthy than they of the caliphate because Muhammad came from among you but Muhammad was never from AbuBakr family — and thus they gave you leadership and surrendered command? I now contend against you with the same argument…It is we who are more worthy of the Messenger of God, living or dead. Give us our due right if you truly have faith in God, or else bear the charge of wilfully doing wrong Umar, I will not yield to your commands: I shall not pledge loyalty to him.
If you do not desire to give your bay'ah, I am not going to force you for the same. Ali 's wife, and daughter of MuhammadFatimahrefused to pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr and remained angry with him until she died due to the issues of Fadak and her inheritance from her father and the situation of Umar at Fatimah's house.
Fatimah did not at all pledge allegiance or acknowledge or accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr. As a result, he had to struggle to maintain his power against the groups who betrayed him after giving allegiance to his succession, or those who wished to take his position.
This dispute eventually led to the First Fitnawhich was the first major civil war within the Islamic Caliphate.
The Fitna began as a series of revolts fought against Ali ibn Abi Talib, caused by the assassination of his political predecessor, Uthman ibn Affan.
While the rebels who accused Uthman of prejudice[ clarification needed ] affirmed Ali's khilafa caliph-hoodthey later turned against him and fought him.
Ali's main rival Muawiyah then claimed the caliphate.