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Religion in the Philippines is marked by a majority of people being adherents of the Christian . Evangelical Christian Outreach Foundation, , . They can not place, however, the Golden Tara's provenance because it has .. Ancient statues of Hindu-Buddhist gods have been found in the Philippines dating as far . Date Posted: Dec 1, #1 . Some of them do look alright without makeup, so they're obviously cherrypicking here to She could be Korean or maybe Filipino. . We, dudes, look fine without makeup, but bitches are the worst naturally. How you want to respond: I didn't know my ethnicity was part of a guessing game. Do you get tact and social skills if you win?.
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Other terms used for the collection of Philippine indigenous religions are Anitism and Bathalism, although the two terms are Tagalog-centrist in terminology. Cultural workers in the country suggest the Paiwan Model, which was made by the Taiwanese government to preserve indigenous religions, to save the Philippines' own indigenous religions. The indigenous practices and shamanism of the Paiwan people of Taiwan was the fastest declining religion in the country.
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This prompted the Taiwanense government to preserve the religion and to push for the establishment of the Paiwan School of Shamanism where religious leaders teach their apprentices the native religion so that it will never be lost. It became an effective medium in preserving, and even uplifting the Paiwan people's indigenous religion. In the Philippines, shamanism is referred as dayawism, meaning 'gallant religions that give thanks to all living and non-living things'.
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As ofthere is no established school of dayawism in the Philippines, making the hundreds of indigenous religions in the country in great peril from extinction due to the influx of colonial-era religions. Each indigenous religion in the Philippines is distinct from each other, possessing unique epics, pantheons, belief systems, and other intangible heritage pertaining to religious beliefs.
Due to this immense diversity in indigenous religions, a singular school of dayawism is not feasible. Rather, hundreds of schools of dayawism pertaining to an ethno-linguistic tribe is a better supplement to the current religious landscape in the Philippines.
Buddhism in the Philippines No written record exists about the early Buddhism in the Philippines. However, archaeological discoveries and the few scant references in the other nations' historical records can tell about the existence of Buddhism from the 9th century onward in the islands.
These records mention the independent states that comprise the Philippines and which show that they were not united as one country in the early days. Archaeological finds include Buddhist artifacts. The style are of Vajrayana influence. The states's trade contacts with the empire long before or in the 9th century must have served as the conduit for introducing Vajrayana Buddhism to the islands.
Both Srivijaya empire in Sumatra and Majapahit empire in Java were unknown in history until when the Ecole Francaise d'Extreme Orient's George Coedes postulated their existence because they had been mentioned in the records of the Chinese Tang and Sung imperial dynasties. Ji Ying, a Chinese monk and scholar, stayed in Sumatra from to on his way to India.
He wrote on the Srivijaya's splendour, "Buddhism was flourishing throughout the islands of Southeast Asia. Many of the kings and the chieftains in the islands in the southern seas admire and believe in Buddhism, and their hearts are set on accumulating good action.
The Philippines's archaeological finds include a few of Buddhist artifacts, most of them dated to the 9th century. The artifacts reflect the iconography of the Srivijaya empire's Vajrayana Buddhism and its influences on the Philippines's early states. The artifacts's distinct features point to their production in the islands and they hint at the artisans's or goldsmiths's knowledge of the Buddhist culture and the Buddhist literature because the artisans have made these unique works of Buddhist art.
The artifacts imply also the presence of the Buddhist believers in the places where these artifacts turned up. Hence, Vajrayana Buddhism must have spread far and wide throughout the archipelago.
And Vajrayana Buddhism must have become the religion of the majority of the inhabitants in the islands. In it he said: The country of Mai is to the north of Borneo. The natives live in large villages on the opposite banks of a stream and cover themselves with a cloth like a sheet or hide their bodies with a loin cloth.
There are metal images of Buddhas of unknown origin scattered about in the tangled wilds. In the Vajrayana Buddhist tradition, Tara symbolizes the Absolute in its emptiness as the wisdom heart's essence that finds its expression through love and through compassion. The Vajrayana tradition also tells about the outpouring of the human heart's compassion that manifests Tara and about the fascinating story of the Bodhisattva of Compassion shedding a tear out of pity for the suffering of all sentient beings when he hears their cries.
The tear created a lake where a lotus flower emerges. It bears Tara who relieves their sorrow and their pain. Henry Otley Beyerthe Philippines's pioneer anthropologist-archaeologist, and some experts have agreed on its identity and have dated it to belong within CE, which covers the Sailendra period of the Srivijaya empire.
They can not place, however, the Golden Tara's provenance because it has distinct features.
In the archipelago that was to become the Philippines, the statues of the Hindu gods were hidden to prevent their destruction by a religion which destroyed all cult images. One statue, a "Golden Tara", a 4-pound gold statue of a Hindu-Malayan goddess, was found in Mindanao in The revolt was quickly crushed by the Spaniards, ending in a large-scale massacre of the non-Catholic Chinese in Manila.
With low chances of employment and prohibited from owning land, most of them engaged in small businesses or acted as skilled artisans to the Spanish colonial authorities.Lip Tint TIPS and TRICKS -Philippines
Most of the Chinese who arrived during the early Spanish period were Cantonese from "Canton, Nyngo, Chincheo, and Macau", who worked as stevedores and porters, as well as those skilled in the mechanical arts. From the midth century, the Hokkienese migrants from Fujian would surpass and vastly outnumber the Cantonese migrants. During the Philippine Revolution ofthey would eventually refer to themselves as Filipino,[ citation needed ] which during that time referred to Spaniards born in the Philippines.
The Chinese mestizos would later fan the flames of the Philippine Revolution. As American rule in the Philippines started, events in Mainland China starting from the Taiping RebellionChinese Civil Warand Boxer Rebellion led to the fall of the Qing Dynastywhich led thousands of Chinese from Fujian province in China to migrate en masse to the Philippines to avoid poverty, worsening famine, and political persecution. This group eventually formed the bulk of the current population of unmixed Chinese Filipinos.
Following the recognition of the People's Republic of China as the sole representative of the Chinese government, and at the same time fearful of harboring Chinese nationals whose loyalty will shift to the newly recognized Communist government[ citation needed ], Marcos ordered a revision of all existing nationality laws which led to an easier acquisition of Philippine citizenship, which most Chinese Filipinos took advantage of.
This signified a major leap for the community, majority of which now owes loyalty to Manilarather than to Taipei or Beijing.
In relation to this, Chinese schools, which were governed by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China Taiwanwere transferred under the jurisdiction of the Philippine government's Department of Education. Virtually all Chinese schools were ordered closed or else to limit the time allotted for Chinese language, history, and culture subjects from 4 hours to 2 hours, and instead devote them to the study of Filipino languages and culture.
Marcos' policies eventually led to the formal assimilation of the Chinese Filipinos into mainstream Filipino society. Despite President Aquino's Chinese ancestry, the initial proliferation of anti-Chinese sentiments among some Filipinos and the sudden attainment of freedom from Martial Law under President Marcos led to several crimes being committed against Chinese Filipinos.
These include rampant extortion, kidnapping, and even murder. Unity for Progress by Teresita Ang-See, [n 1] which called for mutual understanding between the ethnic Chinese and the native Filipinos.
Religion in the Philippines
Aquino encouraged free press and cultural harmony, a process which led to the burgeoning of the Chinese-language media. Origins[ edit ] Ethnicity of Chinese Filipinos, including Chinese mestizos Virtually all Chinese in the Philippines belong to either the Hokkienese- or Cantonese-speaking groups of the Han Chinese ethnicity.
Most Filipino-Chinese now are second or third generation, natural-born Philippine citizens who can still look back to their Chinese roots and have Chinese relatives both in China as well as in other Southeast Asian or Australasian or North American countries.
The Minnan form The Minnan Hokkienese currently dominate the light industry and heavy industry, as well as the entrepreneurial and real estate sectors of the economy. Many younger Minnan people are also entering the fields of banking, computer science, engineering, finance, and medicine. To date, most emigrants and permanent residents from Mainland China, as well as the vast majority of Taiwanese people in the Philippines are Minnan Hokkienese people.