McCormick, P. / A.P. Psychology
AP Psychology. Back blackboard. Day. Date. Unit 1: History and Research Myers' Psychology Text Reading Guide Questions. Unit 1: History 5. What are some biological predispositions of classical and operant Notes provided for the . 1. The AP Psychology course is designed to introduce students to the . Unit 4: Sensation and Perception [SC 4 and SC 5] *Important Note: More detailed schedules of important dates, events, due dates, tests, etc. will be Myers' Psychology for AP® Textbook, Second Edition; Large 3 Ring Binder; Notebook; Flashcards. Please note: Unit 1 (Prologue Chapter): History & Approaches to Psychology Essential Question: How did Psychology begin, 10/5/ A.P. Psychology 2 (D) - Problems and Solutions in Research .. 3/19/ A.P. Psychology Exam Review Packet Due Dates 2/21/ A.P. Psychology 10 - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
Read, take notes, and make Vocab Note Cards for Unit Find repeats and connections. View online collection of peoples' earliest memories. Discuss infantile amnesia, hippocampus, cerebellum, explicit and implicit memory. Flash images and gauge iconic memory. Memory Capacity Demo 2: Teacher reads list of numbers, students write numbers.
Grade, list results, discuss results, discuss the terms chunking, echoic memory, recall for digits is better than for random letters. Memory Capacity Demo 3: List a number on the board, tell students to look at it and try to memorize it. If they are good at chunking and finding patterns, they'll know the numbers just go up by 3 and 4 and 3 and 4, over and over and will actually be able to get the number. Discuss limits and advantages of working memory and chunking.
Teacher reads a list of words, kids write from memory.
The following vocab terms will be discussed after: Review Classical Conditioning by sharing our Unit 6. Get started on those in class. Oddly, whereas your body rests by doing little or nothing, your brain rests by working.
Then you start going back through the stages — 4, 3, 2 and into REM sleep. REM rapid eye movement first lasts about 10 minutes. Your pulse increases, your breathing becomes rapid and irregular.
Your eyes shoot back and forth quickly. REM sleep brings on dreams that are very realistic — emotional, storylike, and vivid. This 5-part sleep cycle goes through itself about every 90 minutes. Thus in a normal-length night, we go through about 4 sleep cycles. Why do we sleep?
Griffey, Rickey / Unit 5 States of Consciousness
People of different ages sleep different amounts of time. Children sleep longer, adults shorter. Without lights or distractions, adults will sleep about 9 hours. Thus, we tend to have a sleep deficiency. Not getting enough sleep means the opposite of those things listed above.
Other results of sleep deficiency are poor studying, less productivity, mistakes, crankiness, and feeling tired imagine that! The idea is that sleep helps cleanse these from our brains by giving neurons a time to rest. Sleep makes for memories — After all of our daily activities, sleep enables our brain to sort things into their proper spots, so to speak. This helps with our memories later. Sleep can fuel creativity — Many great ideas come while asleep or dreaming.
Sleep helps with growth — The pituitary gland, the growth gland, secretes a growth hormone while in deep sleep. Sleep disorders Insomnia is the persistent inability to sleep or to fall asleep. These only reduce REM sleep and make the person feel even more sluggish the next day. Narcolepsy is a disorder where the person or animal simply falls asleep suddenly, out of the blue. It can be a problem because the person may fall asleep at a very bad or unsafe moment.
Sleep apnea is a disorder where the person stops breathing at night, awakens, then breathes again. Overweight men are especially prone to apnea. It can be treated by wearing a special mask.
Night terrors attack children mostly. A child may sit up, walk, mumble, their pulse and breathing may double, and they may seem terrified.
Night terrors are not nightmares.
Terrors occur in stage 4 sleep. Nightmares occur during REM sleep and usually have a story or plotline to them.
Children may also experience sleepwalking and sleeptalking. Dreams REM dreams are the most important. Dreams with sexual overtones are much less common.
Men have dreams with sexual overtones 1 out of 10 times. Women, only 1 out of 30 times. Sensory stimuli can be woven into our dreams. That is to say, if we actually smell or hear something in real life, that smell or sound might get mixed right into our dream. This theory was started by Sigmund Freud.
The manifest content symbolized the latent content which is hidden. The latent content is our subconscious drives sex and aggression that would be problematic if acted out in real life.
This theory thinks of the brain like a computer — it needs to file away memories and experiences into their proper spots for future reference.
AP Psychology - Mr. Lipsky's Website
To develop and preserve neural pathways. This theory holds that dreams give the brain stimulation while sleeping in order to develop neural networks. The evidence to support this theory is that infants and children have brains in the developmental stages. And, they also experience more REM sleep than adults. Thus, the correlation suggests that dreams may aid in brain development. To make sense of neural static. This theory holds that we have neural activity originating in the brain stem while sleeping.
Thoughts come into our brains in a rather random fashion. To reflect cognitive development. This theory believes that dreams are simply the result of a maturing brain. Adults tend to dream in a more complex, narrative story fashion. Hypnosis facts and falsehoods Hypnosis brings up a lot of notions, many of which are wrong.
Still, there are many questions surrounding hypnosis… Can anyone experience hypnosis? Most people can to some degree. The degree depends on their openness to suggestion. They can be led to smell things, or ignore a smell, like a bottle of ammonia. Can hypnosis enhance recall of memories?
Hypnosis usually mixes fact with fiction, just like our regular memories. Can hypnosis be therapeutic? Can hypnosis reduce pain? They are… Social influence theory This theory says that a person being hypnotized is doing little more than playing the role of a hypnotized person.
The evidence to support this theory is that… Most psychologists think the social influence theory has at least some impact. Hypnotized people did better at saying what color they saw when a color-word like red was printed in green ink.
Dependence and addiction Increased use of a drug leads to tolerance where a larger dose is required to get the same effect from a drug. A person experiencing withdrawal may feel physical pain and strong cravings.
Pain and cravings are signs of physical dependence — a strong indication of addiction. Stress-relieving drugs may create psychological dependence.AP Psychology Unit 5 States of Consciousness 2
Drug addiction is a compulsive craving despite consequences to use. Physical symptoms often accompany an addiction. There are some myths to addiction… Addictive drugs will get you hooked very fast. For example, most people who kick the smoking habit did it by themselves. Addiction can be applied to any pleasurable activity. It may be an overstatement to actually say a person is addicted to something like social networking. It slows processing speed.
We react slower, think slower, and speech is slurred. It disrupts memory and impairs judgment. It cuts self-awareness and self-control.