Africa :: Cote d'Ivoire — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency
Looking for a Hot African Girl for Dating or Marriage? women, but most of the ladies who sign up for international dating sites are likely to be fluent in French. Looking For Cote D Ivoire Single Hot Women At Afro Romance. Dating makes you feel sexy again, and there's no better way to find a single women in Cote D Ivoire that will do just that than with AfroRomance. A AfroRomance account opens you up to endless dating possibilities, with. Meeting singles from Cote D Ivoire Ivory Coast has never been easier. Welcome to the simplest online dating site to date, flirt, or just chat with Cote D Ivoire Ivory.
Ivorian women are also considered to be unequal to men, which might explain the rampant cheating. So, they want to date you because you are or should be the exact opposite to everything you just read above.
Ivorian women highlight just how spoiled the majority of Western women are in terms of getting their way with relationships, and still not being happy.
If you think about it, there is something inherently appealing about having a general knowledge of what is expected out of a relationship before diving in.
Some things in this world are universal. A desire for human companionship and someone to love are two of those things. However, many of the women speak local dialects on a daily basis. Also, many families do not believe in enrolling young girls in school.
Most elementary and secondary students are male and there is a higher than expected rate of illiteracy among women, but most of the ladies who sign up for international dating sites are likely to be fluent in French.
So, if you are interested in Mademoiselle from the Ivory Coast perhaps you better brush up the old high school French. Their Personality Flirting comes naturally to local women, as does teasing guys, so Ivorian women are very different to many of their neighbors. This is in addition to their friendly nature, which can make them hard to resist. But do bear in mind that Ivorian women are as religious as any woman from the west coast of Africa.
Based on the above, the women who are most compatible with dating European and North American guys are usually from the Baoule, Bete, Senufo and Malinke tribes.
Women here are as conservative as most African women, but their desire to meet, date and marry Western guys is as strong as any other African nation you might visit. The Portuguese first arrived in the s, followed by the French and Dutch. So, Ivorian women have a lot of different aesthetic influences, including Arabic and European. This has resulted in women who are taller than average, have curvaceous behinds, full lips, dark skin and beautiful eyes.
These women are instinctively attracted to foreign men, and the whiter you are the happier they are. Religion Like many parts of West Africa religion is a critical issue to consider when searching for Ivory Coast brides. What is conservative in Kansas might not be conservative or even practiced in parts of Africa. This caution is true for both Christian and Muslims, because there are often strong undertones of native religions in both Islam and Christianity.
Ivory Coast Dating Info Most women here will speak at least some English, but not as fluently as you might like. This is due to the fact that very few women are educated beyond middle school level. French is the national language, so you can play thing safe by taking some French lessons before starting your Ivorian dating adventure.
Only the truly fortunate or wealthy will attend college. The myth that the majority of Africans are poor is just that — a total myth. Something to avoid all times is asking them about the recent civil wars that turned the country upside down. These were so destructive that they ruined the economy, and the country is still recovering even now, many years later. We do hate to bring this up, but there are a large number of dating scams in operation in the country, including marriage agencies.
Among the administrative and civil-servant class, imported cars and clothes, home furnishings, and broad cultural and recreational activities mark a high standard of living. Rice is a staple food in the diet of most Ivoirians. The president is the chief of state; the prime minister is the chief of government. The unicameral National Assembly is composed of members elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year term.
It moves forward legislation typically introduced by the president although it also can also introduce legislation. In Junethe National Assembly enacted amendments to the Constitution that diminished the authority of the prime minister relative to the president, authorized the president to annul elections or to postpone announcing election results, extended the presidential term from five to seven years, mandated the creation of a second legislative chamber senateprovided for the president of the senate to succeed the president in the event of his death or incapacitation, and wrote into the Constitution the presidential eligibility restrictions of the electoral code.
A draft of a new constitution was overwhelmingly approved by voters in July State entities exist on several levels, including 16 regions, 58 departments, subprefectures, and communities.
At all levels, all subnational government officials are appointed by the central government, with the exception of communities, which are headed by mayors elected for five-year terms, and traditional chieftaincies, which are headed by elected chiefs. The judicial system is headed by a Supreme Court and includes the Court of Appeals and lower courts.
The High Court of Justice has authority to try government officials, including the president. Leadership and Political Officials. He was one of the founders of the Rassemblement Democratique Africain RDAthe leading pre-independence inter-territorial political party in French West African territories.
Members of a single political party, the PDCI, occupied both the presidency and a majority of seats in the national legislature since independence inalthough other parties have been legal since Massive protests forced the president to legalize opposition parties. Both Houphouet-Boigny and his successor, President Henri Konan Bedie, helped build a nation of political stability and economic prosperity by repressing democratic opposition.
The country's first military coup overthrew President Bedie's administration in Decemberand Retired General Robert Guei assumed control of the country. After suspending the Constitution, dissolving the National Assembly, and forming the National Committee for Public Salvation CNSPwhich consists of himself and eight military officers, Guie lost the presidential elections of October The National Electoral Commission announced that Laurent Gbagbo, the leader of the Ivorian Popular Front, won the controversial presidential elections with 59 percent of the vote, ushering in a new era of multi-party legitimacy and the power of free popular elections.
Social Problems and Control. Security forces include the army, navy, and air force, all under the Ministry of Defense; the Republican Guard, a well-funded presidential security force; the national police; and the gendarmerie, a branch of the armed forces roughly equivalent in size to the army, which is responsible for general law enforcement, maintenance of public order, and the country's security, including the suppression of crime and street violence.
State Department, before the coup, the armed forces were in charge of maintaining civil order. In rural areas, traditional institutions often administer justice at the village level, handling domestic disputes and minor land issues in accordance with customary law.
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However, the formal court system increasingly is superseding these traditional avenues. In times of national crisis the gendarmerie can be used to reinforce the army. Formed inthe National Security Council upholds both internal and external security policy. The civilian Directorate of General Intelligence is responsible for countering internal threats.
2004 French–Ivorian clashes
Following the coup d'etat, the structure of the military did not change. Social Welfare and Change Programs A high population growth rate, a high urban crime rate, a high incidence of AIDS, and a high poverty rate characterize Ivoirian society. Recognizing these issues, in the s the government announced its commitment to implement social welfare and change programs, specifically in the areas of literacy, education, health, women and family development, economic development, and poverty alleviation—with a specific goal of reducing poverty from Numerous offices under the Ministries of Public Health and of Employment, Public Service, and Social Security are dedicated to these goals, but their efforts are constrained by a lack of funding and the unique multiplicity of Ivoirian tribes.
As a result, many of these policies are coordinated by religious, private, and international organizations—from the far-reaching United Nations to small, specialized groups that work in only one community.
The programs they finance and implement include safeguarding human rights, poverty alleviation, infectious disease control, contraception, literacy, and rescuing street children.
Despite this and other criticism, the government has encouraged the formation of NGOs and generally cooperates with them. In rural areas, women and men divide the labor, with men clearing the land and harvesting cash crops like cocoa and coffee, while women grow vegetables and other staples and perform most household tasks. Women also collect water and fuel, care for their families, spin and weave, and produce handicrafts and pottery to sell.
In general, men hold most prominent civic and government positions, as well as the role of tribal chief in the villages. Religious roles, from shamans to Catholic priests to Muslim imams, are dominated by men. The Relative Status of Women and Men. Government policy encourages full participation by women in business, but generally there is a bias among employers to hiring women, whom they consider less dependable because of their potential pregnancy. Women are underrepresented in most professions and in the managerial sector as a whole.
Some women also encounter difficulty in obtaining loans, as they cannot meet the lending criteria mandated by banks, including title to a house and production of profitable cash crops, specifically coffee and cocoa.
However, women are paid on an equal scale with men in the formal business sector. Men continue to dominate managerial positions and enjoy the most career mobility, usually due to a higher level of education and connections with other businessmen.
Marriage,Family, and Kinship Marriage. Ivoirian marriages center on the combining of two families. The creation of a new household is significant to wedding rituals. The government abolished polygamy inand set the legal marriage age at eighteen for boys and sixteen for girls, although polygamy is a widely accepted lifestyle among many native ethnic groups. Additionally, the government does not recognize forced marriage or dowries "bride prices" paid to the mother's family to legitimize the marriage.
Although marriage customs are changing and becoming more Westernized, a large majority engage in traditional native wedding rituals. Divorce, although not common, is socially acceptable among most ethnic groups. Whether the family lives in an urban or rural setting, the extended family is the basic social unit.
Despite lineage, men are generally seen as the power head of the household, while women tend to domestic needs and childrearing. In the Baoule village, the women live with their husbands' families; among the Senufo, husbands and wives live separately with men living in rectangular houses and their wives occupying round ones. When girls get married and leave home, it is the responsibility of the sons to care for the elders of the household.
Men dominate inheritance practices in traditional societies. Both Baoule and Senufo people belong to their mother's family group; power and land are passed down through a mother's family line to her sister's sons. In the Bete and Nyula groups, inheritance is passed down to the through the father's line to the sons. Legislation was enacted in to allow women greater control of their property after marriage.
The family is linked to a larger group, the clan, primarily through lineages. One of the most important kin groups is the patrilineage, a group formed by tracing descent through male forebears to a male ancestor. Both men and women are included in both type of lineage, sometimes five or six generations removed from the founding ancestor, but the linking relatives are of one gender. Lineages generally share corporate responsibility for socializing the young and maintaining conformity to social norms.
Lineage elders often meet to settle disputes, to prescribe or enforce rules of etiquette and marriage, to discuss lineage concerns, and preserve the group overall. They also pressure nonconformists to adhere to group mores. Lineages are generally grouped in villages and united as a chiefdoms.
While infant care may vary across cultures, the mother is the primary caregiver, usually with support from older siblings and extended family. The childrearing practices related to the care of the infant include breastfeeding on demand and up to several years, carrying the child on the mother's back, and sleeping with the child, all of which create a close and intimate relationship between the mother and child and security for the child. In most Ivoirian cultures, there is little understanding of the value of interacting with infants, and adults don't really play with children in the traditional Western sense until the child reaches preschool age.
Child Rearing and Education. Girls are taught by their mothers, and boys learn from their fathers and other male figures. Overall, children are the responsibility of the community, and when primary caregivers are not available the community creates a system for caring for children.
Parental and community goals for children are centered around social and human values, including respect, self-reliance, helpfulness, cooperation, and obedience, and often folktales or stories are used to reinforce these values.
The more modern the culture, the more likely there is to be a shift to more materialistic values. Many rural ethnic cultures engage in rituals and initiation ceremonies: Education is free, and primary education is compulsory; however, in the early s only about 1. Higher education is very prestigious and available only to a select minority of the population. In the early s, only aboutattended secondary and vocational schools. Secondary education is viewed as an important urban resource and vehicle of opportunity.
Although primary schools are found throughout the country, secondary schooling channels graduates into urban occupations. A large proportion of students who enter primary school are eliminated at crucial points in the education ladder, especially as they encounter stringent admissions requirements for secondary schools and universities, but many also drop out throughout the system.
Funerals, held 40 days after death, are important and elaborate ceremonies for Ivoirians. Etiquette Often relaxed in character and very polite, Ivoirians always great each other and inquire about a person's health, family, or work. It is considered rude to conduct business without first greeting.
Men shake hands with one another; women instead kiss each other three times on the cheeks, alternating sides. At social functions, it is polite to shake hands with everyone upon entering and leaving.
Eye contact is usually avoided, particularly between father and child, and it is considered rude to stare. Gift giving is customary, especially to those who are respected in the community. The constitution guarantees freedom of religion to all citizens. About 60 percent of the population adhere to indigenous beliefs, 25 percent are Muslim, and about 12 percent are Christian mostly Roman Catholic.
Only about 3 percent follow other religions, including someIvoirians who follow Harrisism, a unique Ivoirian Christian religion that upholds a simple lifestyle. Christianity dominates in the south and the center of the country; Islam is predominant in the north and northeast although many Muslims have moved south in search of work ; and indigenous belief systems are present throughout the land.
Both Islam and Christianity have been adapted to indigenous religions in a variety of ways, and many Ivoirians who have converted to Christianity still observe rituals that worship the spirits of their ancestors. Sufism is also widespread, infused with indigenous beliefs and practices.
Beyond these localized versions of world religions, however, are complex systems of belief and practice that incorporate multiple elements of several religions, including animism, fetishism, and witchcraft. According to most local belief systems, spiritual beings—a creator, ancestral spirits, and spirits associated with places and objects—can influence a person's life and play a large role in religious worship and practice.
Each of the main religious traditions has its own practitioners, such as the Christian priests, nuns, and ministers, the Islamic clerics, and the priests and diviners of traditional religions.
In Islam, a significant religious authority is the marabout—a miracle worker, physician, and mystic who exercises both magical and moral authority.
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He is also respected as a dispenser of amulets, which protect the wearer against evil. In the south, Akan religious practitioners include lineage heads, village chiefs, and priests who officiate at ritual observances for cults honoring specific deities. These priests akomfo also act as diviners, many of whom are believed to be clairvoyant and able to locate the source of spiritual difficulty for their followers, who consult them for a fee.
Priests sometimes act as doctors, since many diseases are believed to have a spiritual basis. Rituals and Holy Places. Collective ceremonies and rituals are important to many indigenous religions, and include ceremonial dancing, ancestor worship sacrifices, mask carving and ceremonies, fetish priest ceremonies, and divination ceremonies.
To the Akan, the most important of these is the yam festival, which serves as a memorial service for the dead and asks for their protection in the future, is a time of thanksgiving for good harvests, and is a ritual of purification that helps purge the group of evil influences.
Ivoirians conduct rites in a variety of sacred spaces, including a variety of shrines dedicated to spirits, Christian and Roman Catholic churches, and mosques. Missions with churches, schools, and seminaries appear throughout the country. Death and the Afterlife. The vast majority of Ivoirians believe that a person's soul lives after death. Because often death is considered the transformation of an ordinary human into an honored ancestor, funerals are elaborately celebrated.
Relatives spend a great deal of money to provide the proper funeral services and memorials for their loved ones, which usually take place forty days after the death, and involve dancing, drumming, singing, and feasting that goes on for days, even weeks. Medicine and Health Care Ivoirians experience a number of health issues, including a large incidence of HIV-AIDS, female genital mutilation FGMunsanitary living conditions, unsafe drinking water, and a host of infectious diseases, including malaria, gastrointestinal ailments, respiratory infections, measles, and tetanus.
Studies show that in only 60 percent of the population had access to health care services, and a little over 80 percent had access to safe water. The average life expectancy is forty-three years for males, and forty-six years for females. Infant and child mortality rates remain high in rural areas, where access to clean water and waste disposal systems is limited, and malnutrition is widespread.
An estimated 95 infants per 1, births die in their first year of life. Close spacing of births contributes to high rates of malnutrition in the first two years of life. During the s, the government increased its information, education, and communication regarding health and family planning. Public health expenditures increased steadily during the decade, but the health care system was unable to meet the health care needs of the majority of the population.
Medical care for wealthy urban households is superior to that available to rural families. Chronic shortages of equipment, medicine, and health care personnel also contribute to overall poor service, even where people have access to health care facilities. In many rural areas, health care remains a family matter, under the guidance of lineage elders and traditional healers.
The World Health Organization and the United Nations Children Fund provide child vaccinations for polio myelitis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, tuberculosis, yellow fever, and measles, and vaccinate pregnant women against tetanus.
Secular Celebrations The Ivorian government recognizes the following holidays: The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts.
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The arts are largely self-supporting, although the government encourages and provides support to dance troupes, artists, writers, and the museum. Village cultural groups receive some government assistance. Mud and straw homes with thatched roofs are still common in villages. By passing on traditional poetry, folktales, and myths, the storytellers, called griots by the Malike, impart societal values, history, and religion. French is the dominant language for written literature, as little exists in native languages.
Women entered the literary scene during the mids with Simone Kaya's autobiographical work. All traditional Ivoirian art is made first for practical purposes—usually in relation to religious, health, or village matters. Ivoirian artists combine traditional materials—such as wood, ivory, clay, and stone—and folktales and religious or mythical elements to make their art, which often transcends several cultures.
Many Senufo and Baoule woodcarvers make art specifically for tourists searching the open markets for souvenirs.