Celluloid Jewelry | eBay
Coro Pegasus gold toned and cellulose pin dating from unpainted French Celluloid brooch Plastic Jewelry, Vintage Easter, Easter Baskets, Bunny. Vintage Celluloid Brooch Large Round Floral Cream Rose Peony Daffodil Early Plastic Mother's Day Art Deco 's // Vintage Costume Jewelry. Find great deals on eBay for Celluloid Jewelry in Bakelite, Vintage Plastics Pins and Brooches. Shop with confidence.
Celluloid Scottie Pin What is Celluloid? During the 19th century many scientists were experimenting with synthetic plastics in order to replace the expensive natural plastics such as horn, ivory, and tortoiseshell. It was invented by John Wesley Hyatt in to simulate ivory which was in short supply and needed for such items as billiard balls.
Soon the new plastic was being produced all over Europe and Asia, much to the relief of millions of elephants, tortoises and horned animals!
What was it used for? One of the earliest uses was famously for movie and photographic film. Soon it was used for pretty much anything. It was very popular during the Art Deco period for vintage jewelry, dolls, hair ornaments and combs, dressing table sets, hat pins, buckles and buttons, frames for pictures and mirrors, toys, novelty charms, knife handles and other utensils.
Celluloid Cameo Necklace and Earrings Celluloid Jewelry Types Many Celluloid jewelry pieces survive, especially little brooches in the form of flowers, birds and animals.
A Lesson in Celluloid | Oh, for the Love of Vintage!
Dog brooches, especially terriers were very popular, I had one a while back which was a really cute Scottie dog with a nodding head. But it had one important flaw - it was highly flammable. Bangles tend to be in pastel shades with highly decorative carving, usually of flowers. Sometimes they have rhinestones embedded in them.
Vintage Celluloid Jewelry
Art Deco Cellluloid Button Cotton fibres were treated with nitric and sulphuric acids, treated with camphor and dyes added. Celluloid was originally developed in England in the s but first commercialized in by John Wesley Hyatt, whose company eventually became the American Celluloid and Chemical Manufacturing Company-- subsequently the Celanese Corporation.
Jewelry made of celluloid dates to about and was quite popular during the Art Deco period.
Celluloid has characteristics which are different from other plastics. Celluloid items tend to be thinner and lighter than Bakelite, and it is definitely more brittle and can crack when heated to higher temperatures. Some celluloid pieces can even be flammable, and while more brittle than Bakelite it can still be bent or twisted.
Vintage Celluloid Jewelry | Collectors Weekly
Under hot water, most celluloid has a smell like vinegar or old camphor. Celluloid jewelry can be damaged by moisture, temperature extremes, or chemicals.Beginners Guide to Reselling Vintage Costume Jewelry on Ebay - Part 1 Cherry Vintage 2013
Celluloid that has been stored in a closed environment for long periods can also dull quite dramatically and even crack. The best and safest way to test and identify vintage plastics is with simichrome polish which you can purchase at most hardware stores.
It's somewhat expensive, but it is also great for polishing Bakelite, silver, and most any metal. Polished Bakelite will leave a yellow residue on the cloth regardless of what color the Bakelite is. Another good way to test for Bakelite is to hold it under hot water for about 30 seconds and then smell it.
Bakelite has a very distinct odor somewhat like a shellac. If there is no odor, it's likely the piece is Lucite Dow Bathroom Cleaner is widely used to test vintage plastics, but you have to be very careful not to harm any gloss finishes on the the piece being tested.
Test this method on a small area first on the back or inside of a piece. Spray a small amount of Dow Cleaner on a swab and rub it on the test area for a few seconds.
If the swab develops a yellow color regardless of the color of the plastic, the piece is probably Bakelite To be safe, wash the tested area immediately with warm water since it can damage the finish. You can also use Formula in the same way as Dow, and it's probably safer for the Bakelite You can strip the finish or gloss from Bakelite if you rub too hard, making it dull and hard to restore.
If you inadvertently do this, use simichrome polish to attempt to restore the finish. If necessary, repeat the polishing several times.