Spode History: Dating Your Spode Pieces
Apr 21, Spode Ltd: to present. Mark. Description & date. COPELAND, Standard impressed mark found on earthenware, porcelain and especially. May 7, The traditional bone china recipe was 6 parts bone-ash, 4 parts china stone and parts Putting a date to your Spode pieces can be difficult. Information about Spode and Copeland history can be found in the large Spode More on Dating Spode Pieces in the early s Spode and a Soup Plate.
These are usually on flat pieces, for example on a saucer but not on a cup. They can look insignificant and be difficult to read but once you know what to look for then you can date a piece quite accurately. From c — datemarks were not used except around the s when a series of impressed marks was used for which the full code is not known!
From to impressed datemarks were used — on earthenware from until and on bone china and fine stone from until These take the form of a letter over two numbers, for example J over 33, which would give you a date of January Remember other numbers and letters appear on pieces which are not datemarks so you have to be certain they appear as one letter above two numbers.
The following gives the letter code for each month: Datemarks after until are indicated by a printed letter associated with particular backstamps and are a little complicated.
There are several series of letters and a different letter is used to indicate the year depending on whether the body is bone china, fine stone or earthenware. To decipher these you and I! By the date letters were the same for bone china, fine stone and earthenware starting at A as follows: In a new series of letters began — the year was given A0 ie letter A number 0 ; was A1 etc until the close of the factory in An error is recorded for the fine stone body when the date letter was inadvertently omitted from the backstamps in This body was withdrawn in about His inherent skills and sheer dedication to his business lead to two major achievements that would redefine the pottery industry: The development of a winning formula for fine bone china and the perfection of blue under-glaze printing.
Born on 23rd MarchJosiah I began a career in the pottery industry at the age of After successes working for many of the best potters in the Stoke-on-Trent area, including Thomas Whieldon, Josiah I set up his own small pottery factory in and in established the Spode pottery company.
He bought up land that adjoined the factory enabling him to make use of the intricate canal system that served the potteries in Stoke-on-Trent, allowing raw materials to be brought in and finished ware out.
SPODE MUSEUM TRUST
This shrewd decision meant that Spode had direct information from their valued and wealthy customer base in London. Spode was able to design and manufacture ware that customers actually wanted leading the company to great success.
In the late s, Chinese porcelain decorated in blue and white was increasingly difficult to obtain as the imports slowed due to an auction ring that was lowering the profits of the Chinese exporters. In response to this, Josiah I developed the technique of transfer printing designs engraved on copper plates in The Willow collection was designed and manufactured and in the iconic Blue Italian pattern was introduced.
After much experimentation, Josiah I and his son Josiah II also perfected the recipe for fine bone china — an invention that redefined the pottery industry.
The Spode Collection - The Pattern Books
This fine bone china was brilliant white and translucent. It inspired new designs and finishes and required new skills. It was of superior quality and strong whilst also having the look of being delicate. It was this formula that made the Spode name famous across the globe. Dedicated to the local community, Josiah II built cottage homes for his factory workers in Penkhull, a village next to Stoke where he also built his home which he named The Mount.
He also donated money towards the rebuilding of a church in Stoke where he was senior churchwarden. Josiah III died suddenly at the family home just 2 years later.
Inthe company was sold to W. It remained in the Copeland family until Having an archive of over 40, ceramic pieces, the Spode Museum Trust can provide valuable information about the history of Spode and its patterns.
The manufacture of many items has been brought back to our factory in Stoke-on-Trent which has been producing high quality ware for the Portmeirion brand for 50 years. About Spode Blue Italian The Portmeirion Group has brought a significant amount of the manufacture of this range back to England with thousands of Blue Italian pieces now being made at our factory in Stoke-on-Trent.
Spode Copeland (Art Deco) Date Range Spode & Copeland Porcelain & China | eBay
History The popularity of blue and white china across the globe in the s could not be ignored. The UK and Europe were flooded with imports from China that were incredibly popular and sought after. However inwhen demand for blue and white ceramics was still high, the imports began to slow, leaving a gap in the market.
It was in that Josiah Spode I perfected the process of underglaze printing on earthenware with tissue paper transfers made from hand-engraved copper plates.
Initially the designs were sympathetic reproductions of the Chinese porcelain that had been incredibly popular during the s, but soon Josiah I launched original designs such as Willow cBlue Tower and Blue Italian. These blue and white collections were not only popular in Britain but also in America where the tableware reminded the settlers of home.
Launched in and still manufactured today, Blue Italian is now considered a design icon. Inspired by scenes of the Italian countryside featuring remarkably detailed figures amongst Roman ruins and framed by an 18th century Imari Oriental border, the incredibly detailed design captures the essence of a sunny Italian day to great effect. The design contains little idiosyncrasies that have evolved over time and make for a fascinating element to this stunning collection.
Depending on the designer, a piece may have three sheep whilst another piece might have two and these little differences brought about by personal preference continue throughout the whole collection. This was an important year for the Spode company as it marked the bicentenary of the founding of the company by Josiah Spode I.
He had been working as a potter in various businesses from the mid s. Something of an entrepreneur he had juggled mortgages and business partnerships for several years but by was well-established at Stoke with his own successful pottery company. By the end of the s Spode I, and his son Josiah Spode II, had brought the company to the forefront of the British ceramic industry by this time firmly based in Staffordshire.
Perfecting the underglaze blue printed ware, for which the company was famous; and, later, inventing their beautiful pure white, translucent bone china, this father and son team established Spode as a brand which endures. Early wares produced by the company in the late s and early s were often unmarked.
There are several reasons for this: Gradually as the Spodes developed and established their brand and their pottery became highly desirable by all sorts of customers from royalty downwards the pieces began to be marked. One of the marks in the early s was an elegant handpainted Spode in script — sometimes in upper case and sometimes in lowercase; usually neat and nearly always in red.
Other marks at this time were printed and always elegant in design The designer, John Sutherland-Hawes, was commissioned to produce a new logo left to mark the bi-centenary of the company in His brief was to present a uniform image of excellence.
Whatever the ownership of the company the Spode brand endured and when the Copeland family owned the company from — the Spode brand was always used alongside their name often styled Copeland late Spode.
Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, although other colours were used or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. It is possible to have a combination of all three. This means formerly Spode as the name continued to be used because the Spode brand had become so well-known. Above is an unusual backstamp which includes the name of the pottery body ie recipe.
The undecorated pieces were already made and marked Spode prior to the name change in Copeland was used; again often in conjunction with the Spode name. This is the name used until the closure of the factory in See below and Spode Logo blog.
These are usually on flat pieces, for example on a saucer but not on a cup. They can look insignificant and be difficult to read but once you know what to look for then you can date a piece quite accurately. From c datemarks were not used except around the s when a series of impressed marks was used for which the full code is not known.