Concern Stirol - Gorlovka
Any and all suggestions welcome. myr dating sim Games Under $5 All Products. Sort by. JSC Concern Stirol, Gorlovka Last Update: ca65 jsc stirol. Owner, SC Concern "Stirol". afrocolombianidad.info ( bytes). Location, Gorlovskoi Divizii Street Gorlovka, Donetsk region Ukraine. Background, - Plant . Chemical accident in Horlivka An industrial chemical accident occurred on August 6, at the private limited company  Before the accident Concern Stirol, JSC, was founded in Its first coal mines had dated from
Fertilizers enhance the growth of plants and this goal is met in two ways, the traditional one being additives that provide nutrients.
The second mode by which some fertilizers act is to enhance the effectiveness of the soil by modifying its water retention and aeration and this article, like many on fertilizers, emphasises the nutritional aspect.
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The nutrients required for plant life are classified according to the elements. Instead compounds containing these elements are the basis of fertilizers, the macronutrients are consumed in larger quantities and are present in plant tissue in quantities from 0. Plants are made up of four elements, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are widely available as water and carbon dioxide, although nitrogen makes up most of the atmosphere, it is in a form that is unavailable to plants.
Nitrogen is the most important fertilizer since nitrogen is present in proteins, DNA, to be nutritious to plants, nitrogen must be made available in a fixed form. Only some bacteria and their host plants can fix atmospheric nitrogen by converting it to ammonia, phosphate is required for the production of DNA and ATP, the main energy carrier in cells, as well as certain lipids.
Micronutrients are consumed in quantities and are present in plant tissue on the order of parts-per-million, ranging from 0. These elements are present at the active sites of enzymes that carry out the plants metabolism. Because these elements enable catalysts their impact far exceeds their weight percentage, Fertilizers are classified in several ways.
They are classified according to whether they provide a single nutrient, multinutrient fertilizers provide two or more nutrients, for example N and P. Fertilizers are also sometimes classified as inorganic versus organic.
Inorganic fertilizers exclude carbon-containing materials except ureas, organic fertilizers are usually plant- or animal-derived matter. Inorganic are sometimes called synthetic fertilizers since various chemical treatments are required for their manufacture, the main nitrogen-based straight fertilizer is ammonia or its solutions. Ammonium nitrate is widely used.
Urea is another source of nitrogen, having the advantage that it is solid and non-explosive, unlike ammonia and ammonium nitrate. A few percent of the fertilizer market has been met by calcium ammonium nitrate 5. It was nominally a union of national republics, but its government. Inthe communists were victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian, following Lenins death ina collective leadership and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mids.
Stalin suppressed all opposition to his rule, committed the state ideology to Marxism—Leninism. As a result, the country underwent a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization which laid the foundation for its victory in World War II and postwar dominance of Eastern Europe.
Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at battles such as Stalingrad. Soviet forces eventually captured Berlin inthe territory overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Eastern Bloc. Following Stalins death ina period of political and economic liberalization, known as de-Stalinization and Khrushchevs Thaw, the country developed rapidly, as millions of peasants were moved into industrialized cities.
In the mids, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost.
The goal was to preserve the Communist Party while reversing the economic stagnation, the Cold War ended during his tenure, and in Soviet satellite countries in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist regimes. It failed, with Russian President Boris Yeltsin playing a role in facing down the coup. On 25 DecemberGorbachev resigned and the twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states 6.
Coal gas — Coal gas is a flammable gaseous fuel made from coal and supplied to the user via a piped distribution system. Town gas is a general term referring to manufactured gaseous fuels produced for sale to consumers. Town gas was supplied to households via municipally-owned piped distribution systems, originally created as a by-product of the coking process, its use developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries tracking the industrial revolution and urbanization.
Facilities where the gas was produced were known as a manufactured gas plant or a gasworks.
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The production process is distinct, both physically and chemically, from used to create a range of gaseous fuels known variously as manufactured gas, syngas, hygas, Dowson gas. Manufactured gas can be made by two processes, carbonization or gasification, carbonization refers to the devolatilization of an organic feedstock to yield gas and char.
Gasification is the process of subjecting a feedstock to chemical reactions that produce gas, the first process used was the carbonization and partial pyrolysis of coal.
The off gases liberated in the high-temperature carbonization of coal in coke ovens were collected, scrubbed and used as fuel, Coke plants are typically associated with metallurgical facilities such as smelters, and blast furnaces, while gas works typically served urban areas.
A facility used to manufacture coal gas, carburetted water gas, in the early years of MGP operations, the goal of a utility gas works was to produce the greatest amount of illuminating gas. The illuminating power of a gas was related to amount of soot-forming hydrocarbons dissolved in it and these hydrocarbons gave the gas flame its characteristic bright yellow color.
Gas works would typically use oily bituminous coals as feedstock and these coals would give off large amounts of volatile hydrocarbons into the coal gas, but would leave behind a crumbly, low-quality coke not suitable for metallurgical processes.
The advent of electric lighting forced utilities to search for markets for manufactured gas. MGPs that once produced gas almost exclusively for lighting shifted their efforts towards supplying gas primarily for heating and cooking, fuel gas for industrial use was made using producer gas technology. Producer gas is made by blowing air through an incandescent fuel bed in a gas producer, the reaction of fuel with insufficient air for total combustion produces carbon monoxide, this reaction is exothermic and self-sustaining.
It was discovered that steam to the input air of a gas producer would increase the calorific value of the fuel gas by enriching it with CO. Producer gas has a very low value of 3. The incandescent fuel bed would be blasted with air followed by steam 7. It is located at the centre of the city, between Mechnikova St. Construction of the began inand ended in February Apart from its main office use 50, m2, the property features some 2, m2 of retail space and around 2, m2 of cafes, there is also a 4-story underground parking garage with a capacity for cars.
While still on the stage, the project was also known as Elsburg Plaza. Colliers International, a real estate services company, was an exclusive leasing agent for Parus. Parus was developed and is owned by Mandaryn Plaza Ltd. List of tallest buildings in Europe Parus Business Center home page 8. Their home is the 70, capacity Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex, sinceDynamo has spent its entire history in the top league of Soviet and later Ukrainian football.
Its most successful periods are associated with Valeriy Lobanovskyi, who coached the team during three stints, leading them to domestic and European titles. Dynamo Kyiv became the only Soviet club that managed to overcome the total hegemony of Moscow-based clubs in the Soviet Top League, the Spartak Moscow—Dynamo Kyiv rivalry became the most exciting football rivalry in the Soviet Union that almost completely eclipsed the Spartak Moscow—Dynamo Moscow rivalry.
Since late s, the club has participated in the UEFA continental competitions almost every year and it is the first Soviet football club that started to participate in the UEFA European competitions since Over its history, Dynamo Kyiv has won 28 national titles,20 national cup competitions, along with Dinamo Tbilisi, they were the only two Soviet clubs that succeeded in the UEFA competitions. The first team of Dynamo became a team for the Soviet Union national football team in the —s.
The two stars on the clubs crest each signify ten domestic titles the club has won, on 13 May the statute of the Kievan Proletarian Sport Society Dynamo was officially registered by the special commission in affairs of public organizations and unions of the Kiev district.
The All-Union sport society of Dynamo itself was just earlier formed in on the initiative of the Felix Dzerzhinsky, under the banner of Dynamo gathered the representatives of the GPU, the best footballers of which defended the honors of the Trade Union club Sovtorgsluzhashchie. It was then when by the initiative of Semen Zapadny, chief of the Kiev GPU and his deputy, Serhiy Barminsky, started to form the team not only out of regular chekists, but also footballers of other clubs in the city.
All the footballers were part of the consolidated city team or the city champions. The newly created team played its first official game on July 1, against a local consolidated city team while visiting Bila Tserkva, already on the fifth minute the Dynamo-men opened the score in the game, however at the end the club lost it 1—2. On 15 July, the Bila Tserkva newspaper Radyanska Nyva put it in such words, as the club gained more experience and played on a regular basis, it started to fill the stadium with spectators with both the club and football in general gaining popularity in Soviet Ukraine.
During the Soviet era, the club was one of the main rivals and its ability to challenge the dominance of the Moscow clubs in Soviet football, and frequently defeat them to win the Soviet championship, was a matter of national pride for Ukraine. Leaders of the Ukrainian SSR unofficially regarded the club as their team and provided it with generous support. Inthe first Soviet Championship was played, and Dynamo Kyiv was one of the pioneers of the newly formed league, the clubs early successes were however limited to a second-place finish in and third place in In the season, the only played nine matches as World War II interrupted league play 9.
Gazprom — Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom is a large Russian company founded inwhich carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas. The company name is a portmanteau of the Russian words Gazovaya Promyshlennost, the headquarters of Gazprom are in Moscow. Gazprom was created in when the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry was converted to a corporation, although it is a private company, the Russian Government holds a majority stake in the company.
Gazprom is involved in the Russian Governments diplomatic efforts, setting of gas prices, Gazproms production fields are located around the Gulf of Ob in Western Siberia. Plans have also made to mine the Yamal Peninsula. Gazproms gas transport system includeskilometres of gas trunk lines, projects include Nord Stream and South Stream. InGazprom produced about The company has subsidiaries in industrial sectors including finance, media and aviation, induring World War II, the government of the Soviet Union created a gas industry.
Init centralized gas exploration, development, and distribution within the Ministry of Gas Industry, in the s and s, the Ministry of Gas Industry found large natural gas reserves in Siberia, the Ural region and the Volga region. The Soviet Union became a gas producer. In Augustunder the leadership of Viktor Chernomyrdin, the Ministry of Gas Industry was renamed the State Gas Concern Gazprom, in latewhen the Soviet Union dissolved, gas industry assets were transferred to newly established national companies, such as Ukrgazprom and Turkmengazprom.
Gazprom kept assets located in Russia and secured a monopoly in the gas sector, in Decemberwhen Boris Yeltsin, the Russian President, appointed Chernomyrdin, Gazproms Chairman, his Prime Minister, the companys political influence increased. That amount was lowered to thirty-eight percent.
Trading of Gazproms shares was heavily regulated, foreigners were prohibited from owning more than nine-percent of the shares. Kiev — Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River.
The population in July was 2,, Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many industries, higher education institutions. The city has an infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport.
Compressor — A gas compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume. An air compressor is a type of gas compressor. Compressors are similar to pumps, both increase the pressure on a fluid and both can transport the fluid through a pipe, as gases are compressible, the compressor also reduces the volume of a gas.
Liquids are relatively incompressible, while some can be compressed, the action of a pump is to pressurize. The main types of gas compressors are illustrated and discussed below and they can be either stationary or portable, can be single or multi-staged, and can be driven by electric motors or internal combustion engines.
Small reciprocating compressors from 5 to 30 horsepower are commonly seen in applications and are typically for intermittent duty. Larger reciprocating compressors well over 1, hp are commonly found in large industrial, discharge pressures can range from low pressure to very high pressure. Rotary screw compressors use two meshed rotating positive-displacement helical screws to force the gas into a smaller space and these are usually used for continuous operation in commercial and industrial applications and may be either stationary or portable.
Their application can be from 3 horsepower to over 1, horsepower, rotary screw compressors are commercially produced in Oil Flooded, Water Flooded and Dry type. The efficiency of rotary compressors depends on the air drier, rotary vane compressors consist of a rotor with a number of blades inserted in radial slots in the rotor.
The rotor is mounted offset in a housing that is either circular or a more complex shape. As the rotor turns, blades slide in and out of the slots keeping contact with the wall of the housing. Thus, a series of increasing and decreasing volumes is created by the rotating blades, rotary Vane compressors are, with piston compressors one of the oldest of compressor technologies.
With suitable port connections, the devices may be either a compressor or a vacuum pump and they can be either stationary or portable, can be single or multi-staged, and can be driven by electric motors or internal combustion engines. A rotary vane compressor is well suited to electric drive and is significantly quieter in operation than the equivalent piston compressor. A scroll compressor, also known as pump and scroll vacuum pump 4.
State Emergency Service of Ukraine — The ministry manages its sphere of operations and is fully responsible for its development. The agency directly administers the zone of alienation which is located just north of Kiev, the agencys motto is To prevent. Later in to the agency was included the Fire Department that was under jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Until the administration reform on December 9, it was called as Ministry of Ukraine in emergencies, on 25 April the service was transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.
Viktor Yanukovych — Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych is a Ukrainian politician who served as the fourth President of Ukraine from February until his removal from power in February He is currently in exile in Russia and wanted by Ukraine for high treason, Yanukovych served as the governor of Donetsk Oblast, a province in eastern Ukraine, from to He was Prime Minister of Ukraine from 21 November to 31 DecemberYanukovych first ran for president inhe advanced to the runoff election, and initially defeated his opponent.
However, the election was fraught with allegations of fraud and voter intimidation and this caused widespread citizen protests and Kievs Independence Square was occupied in what became known as the Orange Revolution. The Ukrainian Supreme Court nullified the election, and ordered a second runoff. Yanukovych lost this second election to Viktor Yushchenko. Yanukovych served as Prime Minister for a time from 4 August to 18 December Yanukovych was elected President indefeating Yulia Tymoshenko, November saw the beginning of a series of events that led to his ousting as President.
Yanukovych rejected a pending EU association agreement, choosing instead to pursue a Russian loan bailout and this led to popular protests and the occupation of Kievs Independence Square, a series of events dubbed the Euromaidan by young pro-European Union Ukrainians. In Januarythis developed into deadly clashes in Independence Square and in areas across Ukraine, as Ukrainian citizens confronted the Berkut. In FebruaryUkraine appeared to be on the brink of civil war, on 21 FebruaryYanukovych claimed that, after lengthy discussions, he had reached an agreement with the opposition.
PJSC «Concern Stirol» is the oldest plant of the chemical industry in Ukraine
Later that day, however, he fled the capital for Kharkiv, travelling next to Crimea, on 22 February, the Ukrainian parliament voted to remove him from his post, on the grounds that he was unable to fulfill his duties. Parliament set 25 May as the date for the election to select his replacement.
After his departure, Yanukovych conducted several press conferences, in one of these, he declared himself to remain the legitimate head of the Ukrainian state elected in a free vote by Ukrainian citizens. On the same day, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that he didnt know anything about this, on 18 JuneYanukovych was officially deprived of the title of President of Ukraine by the Supreme Rada of Ukraine.
Viktor Yanukovych was born in the village of Zhukovka near Yenakiieve in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR and he endured a very hard childhood about which he has stated, My childhood was difficult and hungry. I grew up without my mother who died when I was two, I went around bare-footed on the streets.
I had to fight for every day 6. Chemical plant — A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures chemicals, usually on a large scale. The general objective of a plant is to create new material wealth via the chemical or biological transformation. Chemical plants use specialized equipment, units, and technology in the manufacturing process, some would consider an oil refinery or a pharmaceutical or polymer manufacturer to be effectively a chemical plant.
Petrochemical plants are located adjacent to an oil refinery to minimize transportation costs for the feedstocks produced by the refinery. Speciality chemical and fine chemical plants are much smaller and not as sensitive to location. Tools have been developed for converting a base project cost from one location to another.
Chemical plants use chemical processes, which are detailed industrial-scale methods, the same chemical process can be used at more than one chemical plant, with possibly differently scaled capacities at each plant. Also, a plant at a site may be constructed to utilize more than one chemical process. A chemical plant commonly has usually large vessels or sections called units or lines that are interconnected by piping or other material-moving equipment which can carry streams of material, such material streams can include fluids or sometimes solids or mixtures such as slurries.
An overall chemical process is made up of steps called unit operations which occur in the individual units. A raw material going into a process or plant as input to be converted into a product is commonly called a feedstock. In addition to feedstocks for the plant as a whole, a stream of material to be processed in a particular unit can similarly be considered feed for that unit.
Output streams from the plant as a whole are final products, however, final products from one plant may be intermediate chemicals used as feedstock in another plant for further processing. For example, some products from an oil refinery may used as feedstock in petrochemical plants, either the feedstock, the product, or both may be individual compounds or mixtures. It is often not worthwhile separating the components in these mixtures completely, specific levels of purity depend on product requirements, chemical processes may be run in continuous or batch operation.
In batch operation, production occurs in time-sequential steps in discrete batches, a batch of feedstock is fed into a process or unit, then the chemical process takes place, then the product and any other outputs are removed. Such batch production may be repeated again and again with new batches of feedstock. Batch operation is used in smaller scale plants such as pharmaceutical or specialty chemicals production 7.
Donetsk — Donetsk is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River. The population was estimated atin the city, according to the Ukrainian Census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.
Since Aprilthe city is controlled by separatists from self-proclaimed Donetsk Peoples Republic. Administratively, it has been the centre of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the capital and largest city of the larger economic.
About Igor Iankovskyi - biography
Donetsk is adjacent to major city of Makiivka and along with other surrounding cities forms a major urban sprawl. Donetsk has been an economic, industrial and scientific centre of Ukraine with a high concentration of companies.
The original settlement in the south of the European part of the Russian Empire was first mentioned as Aleksandrovka inunder the Russian Empress Catherine the Great. InWelsh businessman, John Hughes, built a plant and several coal mines in the region. During Soviet times, the steel industry was expanded. Init was renamed Stalino, and in the city became the centre of the Donetsk region, renamed Donetsk inthe city today remains the centre for coal mining and steel industry.
Since AprilDonetsk and its surrounding areas have one of the major sites of fighting in the War in Donbass. The city was founded in when the Welsh businessman John Hughes built a plant and several coal mines at Aleksandrovka.