The Matching Game: What do People Look for in Their Significant Other? - Scientista | Women in STEM
Previous studies have failed to find support for the hypothesis, derived from Level of Aspiration Theory, that individuals chose to date those whose “social. individuals in the dating market assess their own “value” and The matching hypothesis predicts that individuals on the dating market will assess their own. This study investigated the matching hypothesis of interpersonal attraction to the behavioral steps taken to form relationships with 67 couples of a dating.
Romantic Relationships: The Matching Hypothesis
Do more popular individuals select others whose popularity matches their own? Are they selected by this group as well? What was the end result? Instead, users tend to contact people who are more attractive than themselves. However, other portions of this experiment showed that individuals voluntarily selected similarly desirable partners from the very beginning of the dating process, demonstrating that part of the traditional matching hypothesis partnering based on self-worth does hold true.
Different ways of assessing social value led to differing conclusions for these researchers.
The design of this experiment helped to measure a broader conception of self-worth and social worth on multiple dimensions, extending beyond just physical attractiveness. This is something that has been overly simplified in the field of psychology, and data science techniques applied to online dating data presented a unique way to use large-scale analyses to go back and reassess a long-held truth.
This was a complex, multi-level study, which could only be made possible by a collection of large-scale data and flexible research methodologies. Thanks to the volume of data and the variety of tools at their disposal, researchers have the ability to combine methodologies to tackle a problem from different angles, as the UC Berkeley team did upon discovering that many equate worth with attractiveness.
What does this mean?
- "Out of my league": a real-world test of the matching hypothesis.
- Matching Hypothesis
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Testing the matching hypothesis was a boon to both industry and academia; by partnering with an online dating site, Cheshire and his fellow researchers were able to challenge long-held truths while at the same time working to understand some of the underlying social mechanics of relationship formation in a thriving business. The benefits of this research are twofold: Research[ edit ] Walster et al.
Participants were told to fill in a questionnaire for the purposes of computer matching based on similarity. Instead, participants were randomly paired, except no man was paired with a taller woman.
During an intermission of the dance, participants were asked to assess their date. People with higher ratings were found to have more harsh judgment of their dates.
Furthermore, higher levels of attractiveness indicated lower levels of satisfaction with their pairing, even when they were on the same level. It was also found that both men and women were more satisfied with their dates if their dates had high levels of attractiveness. Physical attractiveness was found to be the most important factor in enjoying the date and whether or not they would sleep with them when propositioned.
Out of My League: A Professor Looks at Dating’s ‘Matching Hypothesis’ - Blog
It was more important than intelligence and personality. Longer exposure may have changed the attraction ratings. In a follow up of the experiment, it was found that couples were more likely to continue interacting if they held similar attraction ratings. Photos of couples in various statuses of relationship from casually dating to marriedwere rated in terms of attractiveness by eight judges.
Each person was photographed separately. The judges did not know which photographs went together within romantic partnerships. The ratings from the judges supported the matching hypothesis. Huston attempted to prove this by showing participants photos of people who had already indicated that they would accept the participant as a partner.
The participant usually chose the person rated as most attractive; however, the study has very flawed ecological validity as the relationship was certain, and in real life people wouldn't be certain hence are still more likely to choose someone of equal attractiveness to avoid possible rejection.