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Martha Jane Canary or Cannary (May 1, – August 1, ), better known as Calamity Jane, was an American frontierswoman and professional scout known for being an acquaintance of Wild Bill Hickok and fighting against Native Americans. Late in her life, she appeared in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and at the . Calamity Jane was played by Frances Farmer in the Western The. "It's the greatest dating service on the planet," she said. back in , too, when he was still the Dallas Cowboys' superstar quarterback. She saw it performed in Cody's show in and wrote him appreciatively, The most famous black cowboy, and perhaps the most famous of all Wild West.
On Saturday nights, they often invited neighbors over for square dances, during which Len would sing, play mandolin, and call the square dances.
Byafter his older sister Mary and her husband had moved to Lawndale, CaliforniaLen and his father quit their factory jobs, packed up their Dodge, and drove the family to California to visit Mary. They stayed for four months before returning to Ohio. The Slye family rented a small house near Mary, and Len and his father found employment driving gravel trucks for a highway construction project.
A few nights later, wearing a Western shirt that Mary had made for him, he overcame his shyness and appeared on the program playing guitar, singing, and yodeling. Nolan was replaced by Tim Spencer.
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The three rehearsed for weeks refining their vocal harmonies. During this time, Slye continued to work with his radio singing group, while Spencer and Nolan began writing songs for the trio.What type of guys do chinese girl like? 中国女生喜欢什么样子的男孩？
Later that year, the Pioneers Trio became the Sons of the Pioneers when a radio station announcer changed their name because he felt they were too young to be pioneers. The name was received well and fit the group, which was no longer a trio. The Sons of the Pioneers signed a recording contract with the newly founded Decca label and made their first commercial recording on August 8, Over the next two years, the Sons of the Pioneers would record 32 songs for Decca, including the classic " Cool Water ".
InAutry demanded more money for his work, and there was a competition for a new singing cowboy. Many singers sought the job, including Willie Phelps of the Phelps brothers, who appeared in early Western movies.
Slye ended up winning the contest and was given the stage name Roy Rogers by Republic Picturesshortening his first name[ clarify ] and combining it with the surname of Will Rogers.
He was assigned the leading role in Under Western Stars. Even during her lifetime, not everyone accepted her version as true.
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A popular belief is that she instead acquired it as a result of her warnings to men that to offend her was to "court calamity". It is possible that "Jane" was not part of her name until the nickname was coined for her. She became ill afterwards and spent a few weeks recuperating. She then rode to Fort Laramie in Wyoming and joined a wagon train headed north in July The second part of her story is verified.
That was where she first met Hickok, contrary to her later claims, and that was how she happened to come to Deadwood. There she became friends with Dora DuFranthe Black Hills' leading madamand she was occasionally employed by her.
McCormick claim[ edit ] On September 6,the U. The documentation was written in a Bible and presumably signed by two ministers and numerous witnesses. However, McCormick's claim has been vigorously challenged because of a variety of discrepancies. In the late s, she returned to Deadwood with a child whom she claimed to be her daughter. At her request, a benefit was held in one of the theaters to raise money for her daughter's education in St. The benefit raised a large sum; Jane got drunk and spent a considerable portion of the money that same night and left with the child the next day.
Estelline Bennett was living in Deadwood at that time and had spoken briefly with Jane a few days before the benefit. She thought that Jane honestly wanted her daughter to have an education and that the drunken binge was just an example of her inability to curb her impulses and carry through long-range plans which Bennett saw as typical of her class. Bennett later heard that Jane's daughter did "get an education, and grew up and married well".
Following his execution for the crime, Jane continued living in the Deadwood area for some time, and at one point she helped save numerous passengers in an overland stagecoach by diverting several Plains Indians who were in pursuit of the vehicle. Stagecoach driver John Slaughter was killed during the pursuit, and Jane took over the reins and drove the stage on to its destination at Deadwood. She later married Clinton Burke from Texas and moved to Boulderwhere she once again made an attempt in the inn business.
An orator boomed the script to the audience from an elevated platform in the arena. One of the biggest names in American circus, Adam Forepaugh, jumped into the Wild West business in The Battle of the Little Big Horn had been featured in many stage melodramas and was an obvious event for the Wild West both for its audience appeal and its narrative power. The next twenty years saw the rise and fall of dozens of smaller-scale Wild Wests. The role of Indian people was both essential and anomalous in the Wild West.
At least in the big shows, they generally were treated and paid the same as other performers. They were able to travel with their families, and they earned a living not possible to them on their reservations.
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They were encouraged by Buffalo Bill and others to retain their language and rituals. They gained access to political and economic leaders, and their causes were sometimes argued in the published show programs.
Yet they were stereotyped as mounted, war-bonneted warriors, the last impediment to civilization. Thus they had to re-fight a losing war nightly; and their hollow victory in the Little Big Horn enactments demonstrated over and over to their audiences the justification for American conquest.
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Annie Oakley broke ground when she and her husband and manager, Frank Butler, joined Buffalo Bill early in Not only could she outshoot most men, she did it while remaining entirely feminine, even girlish.
By the turn of the century, it was not uncommon for women like Tad Lucas to ride bucking broncos in the arena. Although there were fewer places for women in the shows, surviving records indicate that Buffalo Bill, at least, paid women equally with the men.
At first they were well-represented among the cowboys. The famous Esquivel brothers of San Antonio, for instance, were presented as vaqueros.