Grand Theft Auto - Wikipedia
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As the number of stars increase, the amount and strength of the response will increase; a single star might have a few police cars chase after the player, while at 5 or 6 stars, tanks and attack helicopters will chase down the player. Many in-game missions will automatically give the player a wanted level after completing a certain event which they must then get rid of before the mission is complete.
Often, trying to keep away from the police while wanted will cause the player to gain even higher wanted levels. The player can remove their character's wanted level by avoiding detection or spending in-game money at specific locations to elude the police such as a mod shop to repaint their car.
Alternatively, if the player-character dies, they will respawn at a hospital and the wanted level will be removed, though the player may lose money, guns, and other benefits they had before being chased.
The "wanted level" gameplay concept has become common in other GTA Clones and similar open world games. Setting[ edit ] The Grand Theft Auto series is set in a fictional version of the world, in a number of different time periods. The original Grand Theft Auto introduced three main cities: Expansion packs later set the game in London.
The second entry in the franchise, Grand Theft Auto 2set the game in the future in a locale named "Anywhere City". Subsequent games in the series have re-imagined and expanded upon the original locales. The state of San Andreas is based on the states of California and Nevadaand consists of three major cities: Surrounding towns and areas of desert, water, woodland, and countryside lie between the three cities.
Liberty City Stories and Vice City Storiesoriginally released for PlayStation Portable handheld console and later re-issued for other consoles, are set few years before their previous depictions of their respective eponymous cities. The maps for the two cities remain the same, with some differences in terms of buildings and geography to reflect the different time periods.
Chinatown Wars is also set in this version of Liberty City, although the Alderney portion of the map is not present. The game also features the town of Ludendorff in the fictional state of North Yankton. The team organised field research trips with tour guides and architectural historians and captured aroundphotos and hours of video footage during these visits.
In both games it is possible to circumnavigate the state by boat. Voice acting[ edit ] The series has included a wide variety of voice actors. The original Grand Theft Autoits mission packs and its sequelas well as Grand Theft Auto Advance and Chinatown Wars did not feature any voice credited to specific roles.
At the time it was rare for a video game to use such high-profile actors, and Grand Theft Auto III is considered a pioneer in doing so. Vice Cityfeatured more film actors, including Ray Liotta as the player character. Although the following title, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreasalso featured many notable film actors—such as Samuel L. JacksonPeter Fonda and James Woods —it had been decided that the use of such actors should be reduced, particularly for leading roles.
As a result, many of the prominent roles in San Andreas were voiced by lower profile actors or rappers. The main character can commit a wide variety of crimes and violent acts while dealing with only temporary consequences, including the killing of policemen and military personnel. Vice Cityalso came under criticism. One mission in particular, in which the player must instigate a gang war between Haitian and Cuban gangs, has been controversial.
Haitian and Cuban anti-defamation groups criticised the game. Jean-Robert Lafortune of the Haitian American Grassroots Coalition is quoted as saying that "The game shouldn't be designed to destroy human life, it shouldn't be designed to destroy an ethnic group," for this and similar scenarios, including lines in the game's script such as "kill the Haitian dickheads" said by character "Diaz" during an altercation between the player and a Haitian gang.
After the threat of a lawsuit by the Haitian-American Grassroots Coalition, Rockstar removed the word "Haitians" from this phrase in the game's subtitles. Hot Coffee mod San Andreas was criticised initially due to its "gangster" elements, which include drugs, prostitution, and murder.
Later it received additional criticism after the discovery of an interactive sex minigamenicknamed Hot Coffee; initially cut from the game, it remained in the game code, and was discovered in both the console and Windows versions of the game. After the release of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreasmodders managed to find the unused code in the game and released unofficial patches for the Windows and Xbox with a modchip versions as well as a PlayStation 2 version through the use of an Action Replay code enabling the player to engage in these sexual mini-games dubbed "Hot Coffee" in reference to a euphemism for sex used in the game.
These mini-games were left partially intact in the game's code. Take-Two Interactive was forced to re-release the game in order to restore the M Mature rating. A class action lawsuit against Take-Two was also filed as a result of the "Hot Coffee" code.
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MADD had even requested ESRB to change the rating of the game from "M" for ages seventeen and up to "AO", for adults only, because they felt it was inappropriate for children, even at the age of seventeen, to experience drunk driving in such a manner.
These were released after the criticism. It is, however, possible to drive drunk again in the successor, Grand Theft Auto V. Grand Theft Auto IV: They claimed the game was "more controversial than its predecessors" because it featured "full frontal male nudity". They didn't want us to make a Grand Theft Auto for kids, and we weren't interested in making a game we wouldn't normally make.
Dan Houser, on the making of Chinatown Wars for the Nintendo DS  There has been some controversy over a drug dealing minigame  along with comments that some Nintendo games are being aimed at children despite the fact that the game was rated Mature. I was at the airport in Berlin inand I'd just visited a Siemens location. So I asked one of my colleagues: What will be your first task?
As a member of the Board and Vice-Chairman, I was like all the other Board members heavily involved in the development of the current strategy. Above all, it's important that all the members are aware that everything BVL does is done in their interest.
We have 11, members and we are still growing. We believe we could attract a further 5, members. But that could take a few years … … smiles …. Germany has not invested enough in the logistics infrastructure, and this is negatively impacting logistics activities.
It shouldn't be the case that a freight forwarder has to drive an extra hundred kilometres because a bridge is unstable. Moreover, digitisation adds a new and dynamic dimension to economic activity, which means that "Digitalization meets Reality" is more than just a BVL theme for one year.
The pace of technological development in the value added chains is driving fundamental changes worldwide. In which areas do you want to position the association more clearly? During my time as Vice-Chairman, these were the focal points of my work together with the Board. The fact that we now have a new Chairman doesn't mean we need a new strategy. So what you need are people who are interested in logistics and want to learn something. How does BVL intend to address this problem? Logistics is a great sector, but when it comes to recruitment we are competing with the automotive industry, engineering and the trading sector.
This poses a major challenge, because most people know more about these other industries than they do about logistics, which often takes place behind the scenes. The aim is therefore to inform people while also raising their emotional awareness for logistics.
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In this connection, another idea created by BVL is Supply Chain Day, which has been taking place every year since Inthis day of action is scheduled for April A further initiative, the "Best Brand" campaign, is designed to focus on branding, and there is a new format this year called "Vitamin BVL", which will bring students and companies together. What political framework conditions would you like to see put in place for the logistics industry?
As then, what they need to do now is to all pull in the same direction and understand the interests of the country and the population. Policymakers must create a framework for growth. China is a highly attractive market, but it's neither an open market nor a fair one for German companies.
The USA recently implemented the biggest tax cuts since the s. What is our response to these kinds of economic stimulus programmes? While it's true that the German economy is currently extremely healthy, this could change very quickly. We need planning certainty for our companies, be they manufacturing companies, service providers or retailers. Not just in Germany but across the borders to all our neighbours in Europe. This is something we are strongly advocating. Germany used to be the world leader in rail transport in terms of both passenger and freight movement.
Now the trains are getting slower, they stop more and more frequently, and investment in the network is lagging behind. But we're living on our past achievements in many areas. Take rising energy costs, for example, which have serious consequences for production plants, logistics companies and freight forwarders. It's possible that other European countries who have had problems in the last five to ten years are catching up fast.
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Spain is recovering, and France appears to be on an uptrend, not least because President Macron has implemented outstanding policies. Do you think the quality of logistics operations would suffer if the political situation continues as it is at present?
You could say we're complaining from a very privileged position. But the question is: We must up our investment in the physical and digital infrastructure in Germany. One of the symptoms of the current situation that we're all familiar with is that there are still mobile "black holes" on many sections of the railway. As a result, we're unable to fully exploit the available productivity potentials. This is also about ""Digitalization meets Reality"". Would it be possible to solve problems like this by implementing different logistics concepts, or should we even perhaps try to downsize flows of goods instead of always forecasting new growth so that we can call for infrastructure expansion?
The global population is growing and consuming goods. If we want to maintain our prosperity, we as logistics managers must efficiently transport these goods to the places where people need them without placing an excessive burden on the planet.
This is a huge challenge. Logistics is sustainable when it's efficient. There is certainly still potential for logistics managers to reduce the volume of transport by taking strategic decisions or making changes to day-to-day operations. But the international flows of goods are not set in motion by logistics, but ultimately by the decisions of consumers.