Encyclopedias, Indexes & Bibliographies - Music - Library Guides at UC Berkeley
Brockhaus-Riemann-Musiklexikon: in vier Bänden und einem The bibliography was kept up-to-date by four further volumes, which reported on five-year periods. German version of the online Rough Guides (afrocolombianidad.info). Das Riemann Musiklexikon (oft RML abgekürzt) ist ein Musiklexikon, das durch Hugo Der Brockhaus Riemann, eine Taschenbuchausgabe in fünf Bänden von und , die sowohl den Ansprüchen von Fachleuten als auch von. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Format: Book; 5 v. ; 20 cm .
His were troubled times, and he felt justified in using much of his enforced leisure he came to the throne at age two in but was not allowed to rule until to provide for the administrators and emissaries of his court the most useful extracts from the writings of a very catholic selection of authors, including the patriarch of Constantinople John of Antioch John Scholasticusthe Roman historian Appianthe Greek historian Polybiusthe Greek philosopher Socratesthe 5th-century Byzantine historian Zosimus, and many others.
One of the unexpected by-products of this industry was the preservation of a large number of writings, a service that some of the other medieval encyclopaedias also performed. An advantage of the encyclopaedists of the first period i. The possibility of achieving even more was fully appreciated: The anonymous compiler of the Compendium philosophiae c.
Within the early period of the history of encyclopaedias, a number of stages can be distinguished that make each group of works significant in any study of the development of scholarship throughout the West. Not one of the encyclopaedias of Pliny or his predecessors paid much attention to religion; if it was discussed, the approach was antiquarian, the gods of the different nations ruled by Rome being named and described in a dispassionate spirit that reflected both the tolerance and the noninvolvement of the Romans in these matters.
The emphasis instead was on government, geography, zoology, medicine, history, and practical matters. The theories of the various philosophers were outlined impartially, no indication being given of any personal preference. This objective approach adopted by the Romans in their encyclopaedias was not achieved again until the 19th century.
By the time of the Roman philosopher Boethius and the statesman Cassiodorus c. Like Pliny and the Roman statesman Cato, Cassiodorus had been an administrator, and, while his predecessors had been engaged in interpreting and epitomizing the knowledge of the ancient world for the benefit of their own people, Cassiodorus realized the necessity for providing a new interpretation of this knowledge for the Goths, the new masters of Italy.
In the next years the impact of Christianity brought a new phase in Western encyclopaedia making, just as the impact of Islam is clearly visible in the Arabic encyclopaedias of the same period.
Although religion is not always given pride of place in the encyclopaedias of those times, it pervades the whole of their contents.
Moreover, the inclusion of such topics as astrology and magic was surprisingly prevalent and only began to disappear after the publication of Liber floridus c. In this era there was an increasing number of lay encyclopaedists—e. At the same time, theology no longer dominated the classification schemes. Although compositors and printers were not immune from mistakes, the printing press eliminated one of the most vexatious problems: At the same time, the wider circulation of encyclopaedias through the unrestricted sales of printed copies brought about a situation in which the compilers could no longer envisage their reading public and accordingly adjusted their approach to their largely unknown audience.
Encyclopaedic dictionaries The period spanning the 17th and 18th centuries is characterized by the flourishing of the encyclopaedic dictionaries that were pioneered by the Estienne family in France in the 16th century. During these two centuries this form of encyclopaedia reflected two different policies.
There was the encyclopaedia, such as those of the Germans Johann Theodor Jablonski and Johann Heinrich Zedler, that paid particular attention to the fields of history and biography. There was also a new form of encyclopaedia—if the exception of the 12th-century De diversis artibus be set aside—that devoted itself to the arts and sciences.
The first type can therefore be said to be retrospective in approach, while the arts and sciences encyclopaedia was clearly identifiable with contemporary matters. None of these divisions is actually clear-cut, for many traditional encyclopaedias continued to be compiled throughout the period, and not all the historical-biographical encyclopaedias ignored the arts and sciences or contemporary people and events.
The Englishman Ephraim Chambers went even further in describing his internationally influential Cyclopaedia as an universal dictionary of arts and sciences; containing an explication of the terms, and an account of the things signified thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine, compiled from the best authors.
No century has seen more public discussion of the nature of the encyclopaedia than the 18th; at the same time, there was much uncertainty concerning its ideal contents. The introduction of the arts-and-sciences type of encyclopaedia inevitably hastened the use of specialist contributors, for it widened the total subject field considerably. The modern encyclopaedia The period of the encyclopaedic dictionary was brilliant, but it gradually became apparent that, in abandoning the systematic encyclopaedia of the earlier period in favour of the quick reference dictionary form, quite as much had been lost as had been gained.
The comparatively brief entries in the encyclopaedic dictionary had, by accident of the alphabet, fragmented knowledge to such an extent that users received only a disjointed knowledge of the things in which they were interested.
Franz Magnus Böhme | Revolvy
Their encyclopaedia was to include about 45 principal subjects distinguished by titles printed across the whole pagesupported by another 30 lengthy articles, the whole being contained within one alphabetical sequence interspersed with numerous brief entries enhanced by references, where appropriate, to the principal subjects.
Some of the principal articles, notably those on medical subjects, extended to more than pages each. The three collaborators had thus incorporated the comprehensive treatment of important subjects accorded by the earliest form of encyclopaedias and had supplemented this with the attraction of the brief informative notices of minor topics that had been the chief feature of the encyclopaedic dictionary. The key to their success was, however, their retention of the single alphabetical sequence.
The Konversationslexikon was designed to provide the rapidly growing German bourgeoisie with the background knowledge considered essential for entry into the polite society of the day. Brockhaus, throughout its existence, has faithfully followed a system in which the whole of knowledge has been categorized into very specific topics.
These topics are arranged alphabetically, and, under each heading, condensed entries convey the essential information.
By ingenious cross-references, entries are linked with other entries under which further information can be found, thus avoiding the inclusion of an index. There is no difficulty in distinguishing encyclopaedias of the Konversationslexikon form from encyclopaedic dictionaries. The former are usually of considerable size Der grosse Brockhaus, —35, includedarticles by more than 1, authors and possess elaborate cross-reference schemes.
Moreover, whenever a really important subject occurs, considerable space is allowed, though the same principle of concentrated text is followed.
Although the Britannica and Brockhaus examples eventually became the models for 19th- and 20th-century encyclopaedias, there were many survivals from the previous periods.
The contents comprised vividly written and profusely illustrated articles; because the system of article arrangement was obscure, much of the success of the work as a reference tool resulted from its splendidly contrived index, which remains a model of its kind.
Mee later produced a completely pictorial encyclopaedia, I See All —30that comprised thousands of small illustrations, each accompanied by only a few words of text.
Librarians treasured it for its reference value. In a volume devoted to reading courses and study units was added. Annual supplements were provided from onward.
Franz Magnus Böhme | Revolvy
In a Braille edition in volumes was issued; most of the illustrations were eliminated in this, but many of the diagrams and graphs were retained. In a separate volume set in a special large type was published for the use of the partially blind. Hill and Norris L. Stephens [Berkeley, ]overrecords reside in the database, searchable by names composers, poets, librettists, editors ; titles and alternate titles; language of text and text incipit; as well as a number of other fields.Völkerwanderung auf dem Volks-Brockhaus
Printed Sacred Music in Europe, "The scope of the present database is to cover all sacred music printed in Europe, It comprises the data collected in the 'Bibliografia della musica sacra pubblicata in Italia fra il e il circa' Venice, Fondazione Cini.
A Census RELICS is a database of information about worship books printed beforeincluding information on over 13, titles, mostly in US libraries, compiled under the direction of Prof. David Crawford, University of Michigan. Over 1, records of historic music materials, by ca. A resource that is continuously growing ca. Quantz was the court composer to Frederick the Great. An extensive preface provides an excellent overview of the present status of Quantz manuscripts and is followed by a listing of holding libraries, a table of abbreviations, and a bibliography.
The thematic listing of works is organized by instrumentation into groups QV or "Quantz-Verzeichnis" 1 through 7. Within these categories Quantz's compositions are arranged by key. Works of questionable authorship and attributions are placed at the end of each major category as an appendix.
- Franz Magnus Böhme
- Riemann Musiklexikon 11teA 1929
- Franz Magnus Böhme
An entry in the QV consists of 1 the category number e. Alas, the editors were not consistent in numbering the works, as the numeral following the colon refers sometimes to a specific composition and at other times to a sub-category.
Further information under the entries includes 2 the title of the work and its key, 3 the incipits of the individual movements and the number of measures in them, 4 location of the manuscript sources, 5 imprints from the eighteenth century, 6 catalogs which contain the work, 7 annotations about the work, and 8 nineteenth- and twentieth-century editions. The appendix to the QV contains 1 a biography of Quantz written by himself in Italian in2 a list of works by Quantz found in a index from the New Palace in Potsdam, 3 a thematic catalog of works by Frederick the Great in facsimile4 facsimiles showing the development of Quantz's musical notation, 5 a list of the major copyists with examples in facsimile6 facsimiles of the title pages of 18th-century editions, 7 an index of names, and 8 addenda.
The Quantz-Verzeichnis should find a place in every library with a music collection. Unfortunately it was necessary to provide in each copy a list of corrigenda and addenda. The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough guide ISBN Entries are written by fans rather than paid writers and include selective discographies. Coverage seems sometimes driven by the originality of the text rather than the importance of the musician or topic.