East Asia/Southeast Asia :: China — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency
The statistic shows the penetration rate of online dating and matchmaking in China from to , with a forecast until In , the penetration rate of. In November, under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, all regions and departments implemented the. East Asia/Southeast Asia:: China Print. Page last updated on December 31, The World Factbook Country/Location Flag Modal ×. East Asia/Southeast.
The website was founded in by Fudan University student Gong Haiyan after she failed to find a partner through already existing dating sites. One year after launching, Gong found a husband on the website she created.
The types of information Baihe verifies includes education level, assets, Sesame Credit scores, and real names. Another user of both Momo and Tantan surnamed Li, agrees. More matches, more money The increase in active users has quickly filled bank accounts. Inthe total revenue for the sector was RMB 1. Tantan, which was acquired by Momo earlier this year, reported similar results.
According to the company, over million people have signed up, and their monthly active users exceed 10 million. The app has enabled between three and four billion matches, in which two users express interest in each other, in the three years since it launched. These statistics may be even higher in the countryside where poverty is rife, and men are expected to accumulate enough money to attract a prospective wife.
Additionally, the rate of separation has soared while the marriage rate has dwindled. The crude divorce rate, indicated by the number of splits for every people, has increased from 1. She explains that the increase in the divorce rate is caused in part by rising gender equality and decreasing stigma associated with separations. Also, simplified divorce laws are helping people leave loveless marriages.
National Bureau of Statistics of China
Despite this, Mu Guangzong, a professor at the Population Research Institute at Peking University, insists that young people should avoid the growing trend of staying single. Platforms like Momo, Tantan, Jiayuan, and Baihe are, in their own ways, seeking to address these concerns. He says his company offers users a way for more introverted users to meet new people, and in doing so, tackle the concerns of there being too many singles.
Baihe also started to help individuals with little time meet a prospective life partner.
The company claims to achieve this by introducing psychology into the field of matchmaking. Like Jiayuan, it was created out of necessity. Founder Wang Lifan noticed the difficulty her single friends had finding partners and decided to start an online matchmaking service.
According to researchers, online dating can also have a profound effect on marriage diversity within an online community.
Previously, potential partners would be introduced by family members or friends, sourcing them from their social circles. With the rise of internet dating, people are meeting complete strangers.
Beginning on 1 Julyeach household sent a representative to a census station to be enumerated. The census required about a month to complete and employed approximately 5 million census takers.
The census collected data in nineteen demographic categories relating to individuals and households. The thirteen areas concerning individuals were name, relationship to head of household, sex, age, nationality, registration status, educational level, profession, occupation, status of nonworking persons, marital status, number of children born and still living, and number of births in The six items pertaining to households were type domestic or collectiveserial number, number of persons, number of births innumber of deaths inand number of registered persons absent for more than one year.
Information was gathered in a number of important areas for which previous data were either extremely inaccurate or simply nonexistent, including fertility, marital status, urban population, minority ethnic groups, sex composition, age distribution, and employment and unemployment. A fundamental anomaly in the statistics was noted by some Western analysts.
They pointed out that although the birth and death rates recorded by the census and those recorded through the household registration system were different, the two systems arrived at similar population totals. The discrepancies in the vital rates were the result of the underreporting of both births and deaths to the authorities under the registration system; families would not report some births because of the one-child policy and would not report some deaths so as to hold on to the rations of the deceased.
Nevertheless, the census was a watershed for both Chinese and world demographics. After an eighteen-year gap, population specialists were given a wealth of reliable, up-to-date figures on which to reconstruct past demographic patterns, measure current population conditions, and predict future population trends.
For example, Chinese and foreign demographers used the census age-sex structure as the base population for forecasting and making assumptions about future fertility trends.
The data on age-specific fertility and mortality rates provided the necessary base-line information for making population projections.
Statistics Sources for Asia: An Introduction: China (PRC)
The census data also were useful for estimating future manpower potential, consumer needsand utilityenergy, and health-service requirements. The sudden abundance of demographic data helped population specialists immeasurably in their efforts to estimate world population.
Demographers who had been conducting research on global population without accurate data on the Chinese fifth of the world's population were particularly thankful for the breakthrough census. One-child policy and Two-child policy Birth rate in China Initially, China's post leaders were ideologically disposed to view a large population as an asset.
But the liabilities of a large, rapidly growing population soon became apparent. For one year, starting in Augustvigorous support was given to the Ministry of Public Health's mass birth control efforts. These efforts, however, had little impact on fertility. After the interval of the Great Leap ForwardChinese leaders again saw rapid population growth as an obstacle to development, and their interest in birth control revived.
In the early s, schemes somewhat more muted than during the first campaign, emphasized the virtues of late marriage. Birth control offices were set up in the central government and some provincial-level governments in The second campaign was particularly successful in the cities, where the birth rate was cut in half during the —66 period. The upheaval of the Cultural Revolution brought the program to a halt, however.
In and the party mobilized its resources for a nationwide birth control campaign administered by a group in the State Council. Committees to oversee birth control activities were established at all administrative levels and in various collective enterprises. This extensive and seemingly effective network covered both the rural and the urban population.
In urban areas public security headquarters included population control sections. In rural areas the country's " barefoot doctors " distributed information and contraceptives to people's commune members.
Technology is changing how China's youth find love · TechNode
By Mao Zedong was personally identified with the family planning movement, signifying a greater leadership commitment to controlled population growth than ever before.
Yet until several years after Mao's death inthe leadership was reluctant to put forth directly the rationale that population control was necessary for economic growth and improved living standards. Population growth targets were set for both administrative units and individual families. In the mids the maximum recommended family size was two children in cities and three or four in the country.
Since the government has advocated a one-child limit for both rural and urban areas and has generally set a maximum of two children in special circumstances.Are Chinese Men Desperate To Find Wives? - ASIAN BOSS
As of the policy for minority nationalities was two children per couple, three in special circumstances, and no limit for ethnic groups with very small populations. The overall goal of the one-child policy was to keep the total population within 1.
The one-child policy was a highly ambitious population control program. Like previous programs of the s and s, the one-child policy employed a combination of public education, social pressure, and in some cases coercion. The one-child policy was unique, however, in that it linked reproduction with economic cost or benefit. Under the one-child program, a sophisticated system rewarded those who observed the policy and penalized those who did not.