Francisco Goya - Wikipedia
Goya was born in algún lugar, in the region of Aragón, Spain, in His parents were José Benito de Goya y Franque and Gracia de Lucientes y Salvador. By BARBARA DE LOLLIS As CEO of Goya Foods since , the year-old leads the third generation that's running An uncle died, and Unanue and his cousin Francisco disagreed with Joseph He also demonstrates uncanny familiarity with longtime employees' lives, often reciting their résumés with dates in detail. Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de . Museo del Prado, vista de una sala con obras de Goya: Gelatin / Collodion on photographic paper, Francisco de; Title: The 3rd of May in Madrid, or “The Executions”; Date.
The artist completed portraits of the king for a variety of ministries, but not for the king himself. The Second of MayWhile convalescing between —, Goya completed a set of eleven small pictures painted on tin that mark a significant change in the tone and subject matter of his art, and draw from the dark and dramatic realms of fantasy nightmare.
Yard with Lunatics is an imaginary vision of loneliness, fear and social alienation. The condemnation of brutality towards prisoners whether criminal or insane is a subject that Goya assayed in later works  that focused on the degradation of the human figure.
The scenes are singularly disturbing, sometimes macabre in their depiction of battlefield horror, and represent an outraged conscience in the face of death and destruction. It is likely that only then was it considered politically safe to distribute a sequence of artworks criticising both the French and restored Bourbons.
The middle series plates 48 to 64 record the effects of the famine that hit Madrid in —12, before the city was liberated from the French.
The final 17 reflect the bitter disappointment of liberals when the restored Bourbon monarchy, encouraged by the Catholic hierarchy, rejected the Spanish Constitution of and opposed both state and religious reform. Since their first publication, Goya's scenes of atrocities, starvation, degradation and humiliation have been described as the "prodigious flowering of rage".
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Las mujeres dan valor The women are courageous. This plate depicts a struggle between a group of civilians fighting soldiers. Y son fieras And they are fierce or And they fight like wild beasts. Civilians, including women, fight against soldiers with spears and rocks. Esto es malo This is bad. A monk is killed by French soldiers looting church treasures.
A rare sympathetic image of clergy generally shown on the side of oppression and injustice. The last print in the first group. Murdered monks lay by French soldiers looting church treasures.
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His works from to are mostly commissioned portraits, but also include the altarpiece of Santa Justa and Santa Rufina for the Cathedral of Sevillethe print series of La Tauromaquia depicting scenes from bullfightingand probably the etchings of Los Disparates.
Record of Goya's later life are relatively scant, and ever politically aware, he suppressed a number of his works from this period, working instead in private.
From the late s he lived in near-solitude outside Madrid in a farmhouse converted into a studio. The house had become known as "La Quinta del Sordo " The House of the Deaf Manafter the nearest farmhouse had coincidentally also belonged to a deaf man.
In his unpublished art he seems to have railed against what he saw as a tactical retreat into Medievalism. Goya did not intend for the paintings to be exhibited, did not write of them, [D] and likely never spoke of them. Many of the works were significantly altered during the restoration, and in the words of Arthur Lubow what remain are "at best a crude facsimile of what Goya painted. An aficionado of bull-fighting and flamenco, she often took place of honour at bull-fights in her beloved Seville, usually sporting a magnificent 'mantilla' - the traditional Spanish lace veil worn over a high comb.
The duchess, who favoured an eccentric clothing style, sporting beaded anklets and fishnet tights well into her eighties, married former Catholic priest Jesus Aguirre Ortiz de Zarate six years after the death of her first husband.
Her second husband died in Her courtship with dashing civil servant Alfonso Diez gripped the nation, aroused disapproval from Queen Sofia and was openly opposed by her six children. Before tying the knot with year-old Diez inthe duchess divided her fortune between her offspring to silence their protests.
Although ill health kept her out of the public eye in later months, her most memorable recent image was when she flung off her shoes to perform an impromptu flamenco dance before a forest of cameras and well-wishers at her third wedding. What shall we do next? Success[ change change source ] The Third of May Museo del PradoMadrid. Goya married Bayeu's sister, Josefa, in This helped Goya to get work with the Royal Tapestry Workshop.
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes | Spanish artist
He worked there for 5 years, and designed 42 patterns. Many of his designs were made into tapestries and used to decorate the bare stone walls of the royal palaces, such as El Escorial. The Spanish Royal family saw his works and later gave him work as a portrait painter. Inthe Count of Floridablanca, commissioned Goya gave Goya the paid work to paint his portrait. Goya became friends with Crown Prince Don Luis, and lived in his house. Fromin the reign of Charles IVGoya became even more popular.
Later life[ change change source ] In the s Goya became ill. It is not known exactly what his illness was.
It is believed that he suffered mental breakdown. He may have had viral encephalitis or several strokes.
He may have suffered from dementia. It is also thought that he may have been poisoned by lead paint.
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- Francisco Goya
- Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
His sighthearingbalance and mental health were all affected. From the s onwards he began to paint pictures showing sad, violent subjects. His unhappiness was also affected by the French invasion of Spain in One of his most famous paintings, The Third of Mayis about the execution of Spanish men trying to defend their country.
Goya moved to a house far away from the court. He lived there with his housekeeper and her daughter, and taught painting to the girl, Rosario Weiss. Some of the walls of the house are painted with strange dark pictures, but it is not sure whether Goya did them.
For two years Goya lived in France but returned to Spain where he was warmly welcomed home inHe died in at the age of The Nude Maja, about The Clothed Maja, about These two paintings have a shared history.