Why are we still in Afghanistan?
Critics charge that the "war on terrorism" is an ideology of fear and repression Governments should address terrorism through international cooperation, using. Oath and all of its brands listed in Section 13 (including Yahoo and AOL brands) Please carefully read Sections 1 through 13, , and , which are the sections .. information and you have the continuing obligation to keep it up to date. .. government as a foreign terrorist organization pursuant to section of the. Optic Nerve program collected Yahoo webcam images in bulk• m This article is over 4 years old GCHQ files dating between and explicitly state that a Such searches could be used to try to find terror suspects or .. ' War on transparency': US agency plans crackdown on information.
Telling Aisha's story may raise awareness about the plight of women in Afghanistan, but drawing a connection between her situation and the US occupation is both inaccurate and manipulative.
BBC The Guantanamo Paradox August 6, More than men who have not been convicted, or in some cases even charged with a criminal offense, are being kept in indefinite detention in Guantanamo Bay. As the Obama administration moves forward with the military trials at the detention facility, it is difficult to see how the President is fulfilling his commitment to "re-establishing our [US] credibility as a nation committed to the rule of law. The maintenance of Guantanamo is just one of the ways in which this administration continues to resemble that of George W.
Crimes of War Project Western Wars Vs Muslim Women August 5, The Time Magazine's cover story on the plight of Afghan women contributes to justifying the war on humanitarian "civilizing" grounds instead of criticizing it on the same grounds.
Military solutions to social problems fail to make the distinction between Islam and the Taliban or explain how women's rights can be attained by such means. This author suggests that "the war to liberate the women of Afghanistan," is more concerned with promoting "men's wars" rather than women's rights, whilst Muslim women are being progressively silenced in this discursive battle.
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Although driven by contrasting ideologies, both serve to further disempower women from decision making. Security Council Resolution highlighted the contributions that women can make to conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. Yet this suppression of female agency in Pakistan denies the importance of women's equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security.
The image is intended to remind the reader of "what happens if we leave Afghanistan. However, despite the lofty rhetoric about "freeing" the women of Afghanistan, the US-supported government of Hamid Karzai has not implemented policies to help women in any substantial way.
In this Brave New Films video, numerous experts show that conditions for women have actually deteriorated as a result of the US-led occupation. The report says that the "life and death" power of drones should be entrusted to regular armed forces and not intelligence agencies like the CIA which have much less transparent oversight.
It is unlikely that the Obama Administration will alter its policy, as drone attacks have become an increasingly important tactic in US "counter terrorism operations" in Pakistan and Afghanistan. However, as he calls for global cooperation, Obama has intensified the US war in Afghanistan and secret operations in the Middle East.
Pakistanis learn nothing of the attacks, and U. Victims and witnesses of these attacks openly question the legitimacy of a strategy that kills many innocent civilians and only serves to instill anti-American hatred in the local population. These victims link indifference and inaction on drone warfare to the state of U. Controversially, the UK Government asked for the trial to be heard under the "closed material procedure" meaning that the claimants would not see large parts of the evidence being used by the Government to defend the allegations.
The High Court denied the Government's request, with Lord Neuberger stating that "it would undermine one of the most fundamental principles of the common law," the right of a party to know the case again him. With the January 22 deadline passed, the detention camp reflects the Obama Administration's failure to change US national security policy from the framework of the Bush Administration's "War on Terror.
The Obama administration is currently drafting "classified guidelines" to determine whether new captured terrorist suspects should be placed in long-term detention or whether they should be prosecuted.
The guidelines will also provide answers on where to hold them and how to interrogate them. Bagram air base in Afghanistan appears to be the favoured location, in part because prisoners there are denied access to United States courts.
LA Times George W. According to Wilkerson, they feared that releasing these prisoners would jeopardize their push for war in Iraq and the broader War on Terror. This is the first time that such allegations have been made by a senior member of the Bush administration. The Times The Guantanamo "Suicides: Evidence suggests that the Obama administration has failed to seriously investigate the deaths and may have continued a cover-up of the possible homicides of these prisoners.
Harpers Magazine Habeas Challenges for Bagram Prisoners March 1, The US Government has detained an unknown number of prisoners at the Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan sincesome of whom have been held for up to six years without charge or a fair hearing.
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Concerned that Bagram has become the new Guantanamo, the American Civil Liberties Union has filed habeas corpus petitions to allow four prisoners access to lawyers and the opportunity to challenge in court the legality of their detention. The proposed statute would assist in the closing of Guantanamo Bay and govern the detention of persons, by the US government, outside the criminal justice system.
There is concern from Human Rights Watch that the statute would "turn the anomaly of Guantanamo Bay into a permanent legal norm" and would give future President's the unfettered authority to detain people without trial "not because they were captured on a military battlefield but because they are considered a threat against national security.
Such fear mongering resembles the behavior of the previous administration. By publicly connecting the Patriot Act with prevented terrorist attacks the administration misleadingly suggests that the plot could not or would not have been thwarted without recourse to such extreme surveillance measures. Some polemicists used this to justify illegal government surveillance programs. However the information used in had been obtained legally, thus invalidating this justification.
This foiled attack shows that governments do not need to resort to illegitimate activities to successfully fight terrorism. Washington's war in Afghanistan is likely to last longer than the Soviet Union's war in the country, which began in late and ended in early May 19, General David McKiernan was suddenly fired earlier in May over his failure to stop the escalating violence in Afghanistan.
General McChrystal, also known as "the Pope," is notorious for promoting torture techniques in counterterrorism.
He has brought together military and intelligence operations to produce controversial battlefield results. The decision of the Obama administration to appoint McChrystal reflects a commitment to large scale, long term "special operations" involving further global military escalation.
However, after five months in office, Obama's policies seem to reflect considerable continuity with earlier administrations. He has raised U. It is clear that U. He praised diplomacy over a military response contrary to the position he held four years ago Guardian "Remember Pearl Harbor!
Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because it perceived the US as a threat to its national interest. The system, eerily reminiscent of the telescreens evoked in George Orwell'swas used for experiments in automated facial recognition, to monitor GCHQ's existing targets, and to discover new targets of interest. Such searches could be used to try to find terror suspects or criminals making use of multiple, anonymous user IDs.
Rather than collecting webcam chats in their entirety, the program saved one image every five minutes from the users' feeds, partly to comply with human rights legislation, and also to avoid overloading GCHQ's servers.
The documents describe these users as "unselected" — intelligence agency parlance for bulk rather than targeted collection.
However, analysts were shown the faces of people with similar usernames to surveillance targets, potentially dragging in large numbers of innocent people. One document tells agency staff they were allowed to display "webcam images associated with similar Yahoo identifiers to your known target".
Optic Nerve was based on collecting information from GCHQ's huge network of internet cable taps, which was then processed and fed into systems provided by the NSA. Bulk surveillance on Yahoo users was begun, the documents said, because "Yahoo webcam is known to be used by GCHQ targets".
NSA ragout 3 Photograph: However, additional legal authorisations are required before analysts can search for the data of individuals likely to be in the British Isles at the time of the search. There are no such legal safeguards for searches on people believed to be in the US or the other allied "Five Eyes" nations — Australia, New Zealand and Canada. The undated document, from GCHQ's internal wiki information site, noted this capability was "now closed … but shortly to return!
Also, the fact that the Yahoo software allows more than one person to view a webcam stream without necessarily sending a reciprocal stream means that it appears sometimes to be used for broadcasting pornography.
NSA ragout 1 Photograph: Guardian GCHQ did not make any specific attempts to prevent the collection or storage of explicit images, the documents suggest, but did eventually compromise by excluding images in which software had not detected any faces from search results — a bid to prevent many of the lewd shots being seen by analysts. The system was not perfect at stopping those images reaching the eyes of GCHQ staff, though.
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An internal guide cautioned prospective Optic Nerve users that "there is no perfect ability to censor material which may be offensive.
Users who may feel uncomfortable about such material are advised not to open them". It further notes that "under GCHQ's offensive material policy, the dissemination of offensive material is a disciplinary offence".
NSA ragout 2 Photograph: Guardian Once collected, the metadata associated with the videos can be as valuable to the intelligence agencies as the images themselves. It is not fully clear from the documents how much access the NSA has to the Yahoo webcam trove itself, though all of the policy documents were available to NSA analysts through their routine information-sharing.